Countries by Region

The two tables below show which countries or territories, following the ISO 3166 list of countries maintained by the International Organization of Standardization, are assigned to each geographical region.

Table 1 shows which countries occur within each region and Table 2 is an alphabetical list of all the countries and territories with an indication of which region they have been assigned to. No country or territory is assigned to more than one region; as a result some sub-country units are assigned to geographical regions on the basis of their political governance even though they are physically located in a very different geographic region, e.g. Clipperton Island because it is directly governed by France is placed under Europe although it is located in the eastern Pacific Ocean near to Mexico in the Mesoamerica Region. The delimitation of the geographical regions does not follow any particular system.

Note: The designation of geographical entities on this site, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN and the IUCN Species Survival Commission concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Table 1. Countries by Regions

Table 2. Alphabetical List of Countries – with an indication of which Region they have been allocated to

 

Table 1. Countries by Regions

 

Africa South & Southeast Asia
North Africa Europe
Sub-Saharan Africa North & Cental America
Antarctica Caribbean Islands
Asia Mesoamerica
East Asia North America
North Asia Oceania
West & Central Asia South America

 

 

Africa
North Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Tunisia
Western Sahara

 

Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the
Côte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea [includes the islands of Annobón and Bioko]
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius [includes Rodrigues]
Mayotte
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Réunion
Rwanda
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Sao Tomé and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles [includes the island of Aldabra]
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa [includes Marion and Prince Edward Islands]
South Sudan
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania, United Republic of
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe


Antarctic
Bouvet Island
French Southern Territories [includes the Amsterdam-St Paul, Crozet, Kerguelen and Mozambique Channel island groups]
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands


Asia
East Asia
China
Hong Kong
Japan
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, Republic of
Macao
Mongolia
Taiwan, Province of China

North Asia
Belarus
Moldova
Russian Federation
Ukraine

West & Central Asia
Afghanistan
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Cyprus
Georgia
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lebanon
Oman
Pakistan
Palestine, State of
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Turkey
Turkmenistan
United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan
Yemen [includes the island of Socotra]

South & Southeast Asia
Bangladesh
Bhutan
British Indian Ocean Territory [includes the Chagos Archipelago]
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Disputed Territory [includes the Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands]
India [includes the Andaman, Laccadive and Nicobar island groups]
Indonesia
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Malaysia
Maldives
Myanmar
Nepal
Philippines
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Viet Nam


Europe
Åland Islands
Albania
Andorra
Austria
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Faroe Islands
Finland [excludes the Åland Islands]
France [includes Clipperton Island in the eastern Pacific Ocean]
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Greenland
Guernsey
Holy See (Vatican City State)
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Isle of Man
Italy
Jersey
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
Malta
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal [includes the Azores, Madeira and the Selvagens islands]
Romania
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain [includes the Belearic and Canary islands and the Spanish North African Territories]
Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom [excludes Guernsey, Jersey and Isle of Man]


North & Central America
Caribbean Islands
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
Cuba
Dominica
Curaçao
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Haiti
Jamaica
Martinique
Montserrat
Puerto Rico
Saint Bathélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin (French Part)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten (Dutch Part)
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands, British
Virgin Islands, U.S.

Mesoamerica (or Central America)
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama

North America
Canada
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States


Oceania
American Samoa
Australia [includes the island groups of Ashmore-Cartier, Lord Howe and Macquarie]
Christmas Island
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cook Islands
Fiji
French Polynesia [includes the island groups of the Marquesas, Society, Tuamotu and Tubai]
Guam
Kiribati [includes the Gilbert, Kiribati Line and Phoenix island groups]
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Federated States of
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand [includes the Antipodean, Chatham and Kermadec island groups]
Niue
Norfolk Island
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Papua New Guinea [includes the Bismarck Archipelago and the North Solomons]
Pitcairn
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tokelau
Tonga
Tuvalu
United States Minor Outlying Islands [includes the Howland-Baker, Johnston, Midway, US Line and Wake island groups]
Vanuatu
Wallis and Futuna

 

South America
Argentina
Bolivia, Plurinational State of
Brazil
Chile [includes Easter Island]
Colombia
Ecuador [includes the Galápagos islands]
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
French Guiana
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Table 2. Alphabetical List of Countries (with an indication of which Region they have been allocated to)

Afghanistan – to West & Central Asia
Åland Islands – to Europe
Albania – to Europe
Algeria – to North Africa
American Samoa – to Oceania
Andorra – to Europe
Angola – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Anguilla – to Caribbean Islands
Antarctica – to Antarctic
Antigua and Barbuda – to Caribbean Islands
Argentina – to South America
Armenia – to West & Central Asia
Aruba – to Caribbean Islands
Australia [includes the island groups of Ashmore-Cartier, Lord Howe and Macquarie] – to Oceania
Austria – to Europe
Azerbaijan – to West & Central Asia
Bahamas – to Caribbean Islands
Bahrain – to West & Central Asia
Bangladesh – to South & South East Asia
Barbados – to Caribbean Islands
Belarus – to North Asia
Belgium – to Europe
Belize – to Mesoamerica
Benin – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Bermuda – to Caribbean Islands
Bhutan – to South & South East Asia
Bolivia, Plurinational State of – to South America
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba to Caribbean Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina – to Europe
Botswana – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Bouvet Island – to Antarctic
Brazil – to South America
British Indian Ocean Territory [includes the Chagos Archipelago] – to South & South East Asia
Brunei Darussalam – to South & South East Asia
Bulgaria – to Europe
Burkina Faso – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Burundi – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Cambodia – to South & South East Asia
Cameroon – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Canada – to North America
Cape Verde – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Cayman Islands – to Caribbean Islands
Central African Republic – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Chad – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Chile [includes Easter Island] – to South America
China – to East Asia
Christmas Island – to Oceania
Clipperton Island – see under France
Cocos (Keeling) Islands – to Oceania
Colombia – to South America
Comoros – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Congo – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Cook Islands – to Oceania
Costa Rica – to Mesoamerica
Côte d'Ivoire – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Croatia to Europe
Cuba to Caribbean Islands
Curaçao  to Caribbean Islands
Cyprus to West & Central Asia
Czech Republic to Europe
Denmark to Europe
Disputed Territory [includes the Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands] to South & South East Asia
Djibouti to Sub-Saharan Africa
Dominica to Caribbean Islands
Dominican Republic to Caribbean Islands
Ecuador [includes the Galápagos islands] to South America
Egypt to North Africa
El Salvador to Mesoamerica
Equatorial Guinea [includes the islands of Annobón and Bioko] to Sub-Saharan Africa
Eritrea to Sub-Saharan Africa
Estonia to Europe
Ethiopia to Sub-Saharan Africa
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) to South America
Faroe Islands to Europe
Fiji to Oceania
Finland [excludes the Åland Islands] to Europe
France [includes Clipperton Island in the eastern Pacific Ocean] to Europe
French Guiana to South America
French Polynesia [includes the island groups of the Marquesas, Society, Tuamotu and Tubai] to Oceania
French Southern Territories [includes the Amsterdam-St Paul, Crozet, Kerguelen and Mozambique Channel island groups] to Antarctic
Gabon to Sub-Saharan Africa
Gambia to Sub-Saharan Africa
Georgia to West & Central Asia
Germany to Europe
Ghana to Sub-Saharan Africa
Gibraltar to Europe
Greece to Europe
Greenland to Europe
Grenada to Caribbean Islands
Guadeloupe to Caribbean Islands
Guam to Oceania
Guatemala to Mesoamerica
Guernsey to Europe
Guinea to Sub-Saharan Africa
Guinea-Bissau to Sub-Saharan Africa
Guyana to South America
Haiti to Caribbean Islands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands to Antarctic
Holy See (Vatican City State) to Europe
Honduras to Mesoamerica
Hong Kong to East Asia
Hungary to Europe
Iceland to Europe
India [includes the Andaman, Laccadive and Nicobar island groups] – to South & South East Asia
Indonesia to South & South East Asia
Iran, Islamic Republic of to West & Central Asia
Iraq to West & Central Asia
Ireland to Europe
Isle of Man to Europe
Israel to West & Central Asia
Italy to Europe
Jamaica to Caribbean Islands
Japan to East Asia
Jersey to Europe
Jordan to West & Central Asia
Kazakhstan to West & Central Asia
Kenya to Sub-Saharan Africa
Kiribati [includes the Gilbert, Kiribati Line and Phoenix island groups] to Oceania
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of to East Asia
Korea, Republic of to East Asia
Kuwait to West & Central Asia
Kyrgyzstan to West & Central Asia
Lao People's Democratic Republic to South & South East Asia
Latvia to Europe
Lebanon to West & Central Asia
Lesotho to Sub-Saharan Africa
Liberia to Sub-Saharan Africa
Libya to North Africa
Liechtenstein to Europe
Lithuania to Europe
Luxembourg to Europe
Macao to East Asia
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of to Europe
Madagascar to Sub-Saharan Africa
Malawi to Sub-Saharan Africa
Malaysia to South & South East Asia
Maldives to South & South East Asia
Mali to Sub-Saharan Africa
Malta to Europe
Marshall Islands to Oceania
Martinique to Caribbean Islands
Mauritania to Sub-Saharan Africa
Mauritius [includes Rodrigues] to Sub-Saharan Africa
Mayotte to Sub-Saharan Africa
Mexico to Mesoamerica
Micronesia, Federated States of to Oceania
Moldova to North Asia
Monaco to Europe
Mongolia to East Asia
Montenegro to Europe
Montserrat to Caribbean Islands
Morocco to North Africa
Mozambique to Sub-Saharan Africa
Myanmar to South & South East Asia
Namibia to Sub-Saharan Africa
Nauru to Oceania
Nepal to South & South East Asia
Netherlands to Europe
New Caledonia to Oceania
New Zealand [includes the Antipodean, Chatham and Kermadec island groups] to Oceania
Nicaragua to Mesoamerica
Niger to Sub-Saharan Africa
Nigeria to Sub-Saharan Africa
Niue to Oceania
Norfolk Island to Oceania
Northern Mariana Islands to Oceania
Norway to Europe
Oman to West & Central Asia
Pakistan to West & Central Asia
Palau to Oceania
Palestine, State of to West & Central Asia
Panama to Mesoamerica
Papua New Guinea [includes the Bismarck Archipelago and the North Solomons] to Oceania
Paraguay to South America
Peru to South America
Philippines to South & South East Asia
Pitcairn to Oceania
Poland to Europe
Portugal [includes the Azores, Madeira and the Selvagens islands] to Europe
Puerto Rico to Caribbean Islands
Qatar to West & Central Asia
Réunion to Sub-Saharan Africa
Romania to Europe
Russian Federation to North Asia
Rwanda to Sub-Saharan Africa
Saint Bathélemy to Caribbean Islands
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  to Sub-Saharan Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis to Caribbean Islands
Saint Lucia to Caribbean Islands
Saint Martin (French Part) to Caribbean Islands
Saint Pierre and Miquelon to North America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to Caribbean Islands
Samoa to Oceania
San Marino to Europe
Sao Tomé and Principe to Sub-Saharan Africa
Saudi Arabia to West & Central Asia
Senegal to Sub-Saharan Africa
Serbia to Europe
Seychelles [includes the island of Aldabra] to Sub-Saharan Africa
Sierra Leone to Sub-Saharan Africa
Singapore to South & South East Asia
Sint Maarten (Dutch Part)
Slovakia to Europe
Slovenia to Europe
Solomon Islands to Oceania
Somalia to Sub-Saharan Africa
South Africa [includes Marion and Prince Edward Islands] – to Sub-Saharan Africa
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands to Antarctic
South Sudan – to Sub-Saharan Africa
Spain [includes the Belearic and Canary islands and the Spanish North African Territories] – to Europe
Sri Lanka to South & South East Asia
Sudan to Sub-Saharan Africa
Suriname to South America
Svalbard and Jan Mayen to Europe
Swaziland to Sub-Saharan Africa
Sweden to Europe
Switzerland to Europe
Syrian Arab Republic to West & Central Asia
Taiwan, Province of China to East Asia
Tajikistan to West & Central Asia
Tanzania, United Republic of to Sub-Saharan Africa
Thailand to South & South East Asia
Timor-Leste to South & South East Asia
Togo to Sub-Saharan Africa
Tokelau to Oceania
Tonga to Oceania
Trinidad and Tobago to Caribbean Islands
Tunisia to North Africa
Turkey to West & Central Asia
Turkmenistan to West & Central Asia
Turks and Caicos Islands to Caribbean Islands
Tuvalu to Oceania
Uganda to Sub-Saharan Africa
Ukraine to North Asia
United Arab Emirates to West & Central Asia
United Kingdom [excludes Guernsey, Jersey and Isle of Man] to Europe
United States to North America
United States Minor Outlying Islands [includes the Howland-Baker, Johnston, Midway, US Line and Wake island groups] to Oceania
Uruguay to South America
Uzbekistan to West & Central Asia
Vanuatu to Oceania
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of  to South America
Viet Nam to South & South East Asia
Virgin Islands, British to Caribbean Islands
Virgin Islands, U.S. to Caribbean Islands
Wallis and Futuna to Oceania
Western Sahara to North Africa
Yemen [includes the island of Socotra] to West & Central Asia
Zambia to Sub-Saharan Africa
Zimbabwe to Sub-Saharan Africa