Northern Africa

The northern Africa Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment is a conservation status review of 877 northern African freshwater species belonging to five taxonomic groups – fish (128 taxa), molluscs (155 taxa), dragonflies and damselflies (odonata) (82 taxa), freshwater crabs (3 taxa) and aquatic plants (509 taxa). This work addresses the lack of readily available information on the status and distribution of inland water taxa as a basis for adequate representation of freshwater biodiversity within current and future decision-making on the management and conservation of the region’s wetlands. This IUCN Red List publication  provides the first overview of the conservation status of these species in the region in accordance with the IUCN regional Red List guidelines. Species at risk of regional extinction are mapped and conservation measures are proposed to reduce the probability of future declines. 

This regional assessment of the northern African freshwater biodiversity was coordinated by the IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation, and received extensive expert advice and assistance from the IUCN/SSC Mollusc Specialist Group, IUCN/SSC Dragonfly Specialist Group, IUCN/SSC Freshwater Crab and Crayfish Specialist Group, and Tour de Valat for the aquatic plant's component.

The full regional report is available to download from the IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit pages here. Please note, as this project was carried out over six years, regional assessments may not be as accurate as more recently completed global assessments for a species. For the most up-to-date information currently available to the IUCN for a particular species, check the Global or Pan-Africa assessments.  

Northern Africa assessment region