Georychus capensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Bathyergidae

Scientific Name: Georychus capensis
Species Authority: (Pallas, 1778)
Common Name(s):
English Cape Mole Rat
Spanish Cape Blesmol
Fossor leucops
Georychus capensis ssp. canescens
Georychus yatesi
Mus buffoni
Taxonomic Notes: Populations from KwaZulu-Natal may prove to be separate species (Nevo et al. 1987, Honeycutt et al. 1987).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-01-22
Assessor(s): Maree, S.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Faulkes, C.
Listed as Least Concern because it is an adaptable and common species, relatively widely distributed, and there are no major threats to the species.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in mesic regions of South Africa (above 500 mm rainfall). It has a disjunct distribution in southwestern Cape north to Citrusdal and Nieuwoutdwal, and eastwards to Port Elizabeth and the Transkei. There are isolated populations in KwaZulu-Natal close to the border with Lesotho (the species possibly once ranged along the coast; Taylor 1998), and in Mpumalanga (specifically Belfast, Wakkerstroom and Ermelo).
Countries occurrence:
South Africa
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is an uncommon, localized species. Population densities may exceed 30 animals per km2 in the area of Cape Town.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a subterranean species that is found in most sandy soils, coastal sand dunes and sandy alluvium both along river systems and in the montane regions of the Western Cape and Eastern Cape. Specimens from Wakkerstroom have been collected in red clay and black turf soils amidst montane grassland on the edge of a small vlei (a marshy area) (Bronner 1990). It has also been recorded from anthropogenically disturbed habitats, such as golf courses (for example, at the Nottingham road locality in the Kamburg region), gardens, and even at the University of Cape Town campus. The areas where the species occurs generally receive in excess of 500 mm rain per annum. It is a largely solitary species that may have two litters of four to ten young per year. The species has a generation length of four years.
Generation Length (years):4

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to the species, and it is often an agricultural and horticultural pest.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in several protected areas, including Giant's Castle Nature Reserve in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg. Further studies into the taxonomic status of the KwaZulu-Natal populations are needed.

Citation: Maree, S. 2016. Georychus capensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T9077A22184226. . Downloaded on 19 August 2017.
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