|Scientific Name:||Gambusia georgei|
|Species Authority:||Hubbs & Peden, 1969|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
This species is listed as Extinct because no genetically pure individuals have been found since 1983.
|Range Description:||Its historical range included the San Marcos Spring and upper few kilometres of the San Marcos River, Texas (Hubbs and Peden 1969, Page and Burr 2011).|
Regionally extinct:United States (Texas)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
No occurrences are extant.
Population in 1969 was estimated at less than 1,000 individuals; genetically pure individuals have not been collected since 1983 (Johnson and Hubbs 1989); presumed extinct (Miller et al. 1989, USFWS 1990).
|Habitat and Ecology:||Historical habitat included a large vegetated spring and its effluent (Page and Burr 2011); shallow, quiet, mud-bottomed, shoreline areas without dense vegetation in the thermally constant main channel. Formerly this species was common under the shade of bridges. Primary habitat requirements appear to be clean, clear water of a relatively stable temperature (Matthews and Moseley 1990).|
|Major Threat(s):||Decline was due to reduced spring flows and pollution, including herbicide spraying along the river; introduced fishes; spread of an ornamental plant (Elephant Ears, Colocasia esculenta); and, as it became rare, hybridization with Gambusia affinis (Miller et al. 1989).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is extinct and does not require protection or management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Gambusia georgei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 September 2014.|