|Scientific Name:||Aaadonta kinlochi|
|Species Authority:||Solem, 1976|
During recent surveys in Palau, the single specimen found was larger in shell diameter than the paratypes in the Bishop Museum (Honolulu, Hawaii) with which it was compared. Nonetheless, the shell sculpture of the specimen suggests placement in Aaadonta kinlochi and is treated as such in this assessment.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Barker, G., Cowie, R., Triantis, K. & García, N.|
This is a minute ground-dwelling snail, which was described from a single locality, on Angaur, where 173 specimens were collected in 1936 by Y. Kondo and K. Kondo. However, no specimens were found on this island during surveys in 2005: only a single dead shell was found at a single locality in recent surveys across the Palau archipelago, namely in Ulong (a very small island distant from the type locality) during 2003. It is assessed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) based on the restricted area of occupancy, the single location and the known current decline in its extent and quality of habitat. Additional surveys of the island are needed to verify whether the species is in fact Extinct, and additional taxonomic work is needed to confirm the identity of the most recently discovered specimen.
This species was originally known only from Angaur (Ngeaur) in Palau, where 173 specimens were collected at a single locality in 1936 by Y. Kondo and K. Kondo (Solem 1976). The historical known geographic range was less than 8 km2. No specimens were found in 2005 on Angaur (Rundell 2005, unpublished data, Rundell 2010). Only a single dead specimen (and no live specimens) was recovered from a single locality on the small island of Ulong in 2003 (Rundell 2003, unpublished data). If the species persists, its area of occupancy is estimated at less than 4km2.
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is known from 173 specimens (12 live) that were collected at a single locality in Angaur in 1936 by Y. Kondo and K. Kondo (Solem 1976). Only a single (dead) specimen has been collected since then. No additional information on population size or trends is available.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This is a minute ground-dwelling snail that was recorded from tropical most lowland forest.
Destruction or modification of native lowland forest is a major threat to this species. Therefore, it is not surprising that the species has probably been extirpated from the highly modified and deforested island of Angaur. Disruption of the ground, rocks and leaf litter may be of particular significance to this and other endodontid species. Endodontoid land snails are among the most threatened land snails on Pacific Islands in the few places where they still exist (Solem 1983).
Additional surveys of the island are urgently needed to verify whether the species is in fact Extinct.
|Citation:||Rundell, R.J. 2012. Aaadonta kinlochi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 March 2014.|
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