Acanthobrama centisquama


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Acanthobrama centisquama
Species Authority: Heckel, 1843
Common Name/s:
English Long-spine bream

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor/s: Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer/s: Erk’akan, F., Karatash, A., Bogutskaya, N. & Goren, M. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
A. centisquama is restricted to the Orontes River basin. The human population across the species' range is increasing and, as a result, water extraction from the river system for irrigation purposes has also increased. This is a serious threat to the species and the population is believed to be declining as a result. River area currently occupied by the species is estimated to be less than 500 km² (perhaps even less than 10 km²) (F. Erk'akan, pers comm.). Several dams have been constructed in the river basin resulting in fragmentation of the population. Given the restricted range and current threats to the species' riverine habitat, this fish is assessed as Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to the Orontes River basin in Syria and Turkey.
Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No published data are available on population trends or decline rates. The species is believed to be declining as a result of habitat loss and degradation (F. Erk'akan, pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A benthic, riverine species feeding and spawning in slow-moving rivers.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to the species are changes in water level caused by natural drying out of rivers as a result of drought, and water extraction during dry seasons. Domestic and sewage pollution of waterways also threaten the species. Acanthobrama species are highly sensitive to ammonia concentrations therefore are highly sensitive to pollution (Elron et al. in press).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known to be in place. Monitoring and control of pollution levels is needed to help protect this species.
Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Acanthobrama centisquama. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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