|Scientific Name:||Pseudacris crucifer|
|Species Authority:||(Wied-Neuwied, 1838)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Pelletier, S.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification and presumed large population.
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout the eastern USA and adjacent eastern Canada (east to Labrador; Bergman 1999), west to Manitoba, Minnesota, Iowa, eastern Kansas, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas (Conant and Collins 1991). It is absent from southern Florida. It was formerly believed to have been introduced in Cuba (Schwartz and Henderson 1991), but it has not been found there (Powell and Henderson 1999).|
Native:Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec); United States (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There are thousands of subpopulations and millions of individuals.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Typically it is found in moist wooded areas, especially near breeding pools. The species is mostly terrestrial and it hides under logs, rocks or other objects when inactive. Eggs are laid and larvae develop in small temporary or permanent waters of ponds (including those in fields with nearby forest), marshes, ditches and swamps, especially those with standing plants, sticks or other debris. Males call usually from among herbaceous vegetation adjacent to or standing in water. In northern Minnesota, successful reproduction in acidic bog water either does not occur or is a rare event (Karns 1992).|
|Use and Trade:||
There are no reports of this species being utilized.
|Major Threat(s):||Wetland drainage reduces the available habitat. It does not thrive in areas of urbanization and intense agriculture, but the species is moderately adaptable. However, it is not considered to face major threats on a global scale.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation actions needed. It occurs in many protected areas.|
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Pseudacris crucifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.|