Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Hemiphractidae

Scientific Name: Gastrotheca excubitor
Species Authority: Duellman and Fritts, 1972
Taxonomic Notes: This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Ariadne Angulo, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jesús Córdova-Santa Gadea
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Peruvian Andes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found along the Amazonian slopes of the Andes, and is recorded from three different areas, namely Machu Picchu, San Luis and San Pedro in the department of Cusco, southern Peru. Records from the department of Cajamarca are thought to be in error and require further verification. It has an altitudinal range of 2,000-3,000m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is very common.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a terrestrial species of primary and secondary montane tropical forest; it exhibits some resilience in the face of habitat distrubance, and may be found in low intensity farmed areas. The eggs hatch on the female's back, and the larvae are also carried on the back.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is extensive habitat loss due to agriculture (tea and coffee), and the development of infrastructure for tourism.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is recorded from both Manú National Park and Machu Pichu.

Citation: Ariadne Angulo, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jesús Córdova-Santa Gadea. 2004. Gastrotheca excubitor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55333A11294733. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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