Ingerophrynus celebensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Ingerophrynus celebensis (Günther, 1859)
Common Name(s):
English Celebes Toad, Sulawesian Toad
Bufo celebensis Günther, 1859
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2018
Date Assessed: 2017-05-17
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Hobin, L.
Contributor(s): Hamidy, A., Iskandar, D., Kusrini, M.D. & Mumpuni
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Luedtke, J.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats and presumed large population.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Sulawesi, Muna, Buton and Banggai islands in Indonesia. It occurs up to at least 1,000 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Indonesia (Sulawesi)
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is generally abundant throughout its range, and its population is considered to be stable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species lives in all habitats, including primary rainforest, secondary forest, plantations, cultivated land and towns. It breeds in ponds, paddy fields, and pools within slow-moving streams, where the larvae also develop.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is collected and exported for the traditional medicine markets in Indochina (D. Iskandar pers. comm. May 2017).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major known threats. It is collected and exported for traditional medicine purposes, but this is not likely to be at levels which constitute a major threat to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures needed. It presumably occurs in some protected areas.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2018. Ingerophrynus celebensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T54606A114916855. . Downloaded on 24 September 2018.
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