Cryptotriton wakei


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Cryptotriton wakei
Species Authority: (Campbell and Smith, 1998)
Taxonomic Notes: This species has been suggested as a possible synonym of Cryptotriton nasalis (see McCranie and Wilson 2002); however the geographic distinctness of the known range, and differences in habitat between Cryptotriton nasalis and Cryptotriton wakei suggest that it should be considered a distinct, valid species until additional specimens have been found to resolve its identity (Sean Rovito pers. comm. 2008)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Manuel Acevedo, David Wake, Ted Papenfuss, Sean Rovito, Carlos Vasquez
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location (the Sierra de Caral), and there is continuing rapid decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from the west slope of Cerro Pozo de Agua, in the Sierra de Caral, Izabal, Guatemala, at 1,150m asl. This location is geographically separated from other high-elevation areas, and it is considered very plausible that Cryptotriton wakei is a restricted range endemic within this area (Sean Rovito pers. comm. 2008).
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no information concerning the population status of this species, which is known only from a single specimen.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in cloud forest areas commonly classified as subtropical wet forest. The one known individual was collected in old-growth forest in low vegetation. This is presumably a species that breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to it is habitat loss, which is proceeding very rapidly in the Sierra de Caral as a result of extensive logging and agricultural encroachment (cattle ranching) (Sean Rovito pers. comm. 2008).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no protected areas in the area from which this species is known, and there is an urgent need to protect suitable remaining habitat. Continuing surveys needed to locate and monitor populations of this restricted range species.

Bibliography [top]

Campbell, J.A. 2001. Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Guatemala. University of Texas, Arlington, Web published:

Campbell, J.A. and Smith, E.N. 1998. New species of Nototriton (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from eastern Guatemala. Scientific Papers of the Natural History Museum of the University of Guatemala: 1-8.

García-París, M. and Wake, D.B. 2000. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of relationships of the tropical salamander genera Oedipina and Nototriton, with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Copeia: 42-70.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Citation: Manuel Acevedo, David Wake, Ted Papenfuss, Sean Rovito, Carlos Vasquez 2004. Cryptotriton wakei. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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