Dracula antonii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Asparagales Orchidaceae

Scientific Name: Dracula antonii Luer

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2009-11-09
Assessor(s): Romand-Monnier, F. & Chadburn, H.
Reviewer(s): Rankou, H.
Dracula antonii is assessed as Data Deficient as the type locality is unknown and no further records were found. The species is only known from cultivated plants.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This orchid is reported to be endemic to Colombia. The locality of the type collection is unknown and it is only known from cultivated plants (Calderon-Saenz and Camargo 2003, Calderon-Saenz 2007, Viveros and Higgins 2007).
Countries occurrence:
Colombia (Colombia (mainland))
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This orchid is only known from the type collection. The population size is not known nor whether this orchid is still extant.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The type of habitat in which this epiphytic orchid was collected is unknown. Dracula are caespitose orchids, which grow in tufts from short rhizomes. They are usually shade loving, and cool-to-cold growing species found in cloud forests.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is sold as an ornamental.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Epiphytes have experienced dramatic population decreases mainly because of habitat loss and extraction activities, which have driven many species close to extinction (Mondragon et al. 2006). Past, present or future threats for this species in the wild can not be determined due to the unknown locality of the plant. Dracula species often bear very strange and bizarre flowers. They are currently very popular with amateur gardeners and there is some commercial trade in this genus (Koopowitz et al. 1993). This species is sold as an ornamental.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known whether this orchid occurs within any conservation unit. It is cultivated by orchid enthusiasts. It has been assessed as Data Deficient in Colombia due to the unknown type locality (Calderon-Saenz 2007). This orchid is currently listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), giving strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with the survival of the species in the wild. It has been suggested that Dracula species should be protected, by listing them in CITES Appendix I. Sixty-two percent of the species of Dracula have been reported from single localities and 90% of all species are found at three or fewer sites. Using published deforestation rates and species distribution profiles, Koopowitz et al. (1993) estimated that as many as 14 Dracula species may already have been lost and that the extinction rates for the genus may be equal to one species extinction every three years due to forest conversion (Koopowitz et al. 1993).

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.2. Gathering terrestrial plants -> 5.2.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.3. Work & other activities
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Calderon-Saenz, E.C. and Camargo, J.C.F. 2003. Especies de los generos Dracula y Masdevallia (Orchidaceae) en Colombia. Biota Colombiana 4(2): 187-201.

Calderon-Saenz, E. (ed.). 2007. Libro Rojo de Plantas de Colombia. Volumen 6, Orquideas: primera parte. pp. 828. Instituto Alexander von Humboldt: Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivenda y Desarrollo Territorial, Bogota.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Koopowitz, H., Thornhill, A. and Anderson, M. 1993. Species distribution profiles of the Neotropical orchids Masdevallia and Dracula (Pleurothallidinae, Orchidaceae); implications for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 2: 681-690.

Mondragon, D. and Calvo-Irabien, L.M. 2006. Seed Dispersal and Germination of the epiphyte Tillandsia brachycaulos (Bromeliaceae) in a Tropical Dry Forest, Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist 51(4): 462-470.

Viveros, P. and Higgins, W.E. 2007. Checklist of Colombian Pleurothallidinae from Colombia. Selbyana 28: 13-90.

Citation: Romand-Monnier, F. & Chadburn, H. 2013. Dracula antonii. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T44393557A44518751. . Downloaded on 23 July 2018.
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