Abies nephrolepis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies nephrolepis (Trautv. ex Maxim.) Maxim.
Common Name(s):
English Hinggan Fir, Khinghan Fir
Abies sibirica Ledeb. var. nephrolepis Trautv. ex Maxim.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-12-18
Assessor(s): Zhang, D, Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K.
Reviewer(s): Farjon, A. & Thomas, P.
In the absence of any evidence for significant decline, Abies nephrolepis is assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Recorded from the Russian Far East: from the Zeya River to the Sikhote Alin Range; NE China: Manchuria, Shaanxi, south to Hebei (Wutai Shan); North Korea.  In some interpretations it will occur in South Korea.
Countries occurrence:
China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi); Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Russian Federation (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primoryi)
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:25000
Lower elevation limit (metres):500
Upper elevation limit (metres):2000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The species forms forests over a large region of northeast Asia.  The total population is thought to be declining due to logging.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a species of low to medium high mountains, occurring at elevations between 500 m and 700 m a.s.l. in E Siberia at the northern limit of its range, between 750 m and 2,000 m a.s.l. in NE China. This species grows on a variety of well drained mountain soils. The climate is cold, with short, cool and moist summers and long, cold winters. Most of the annual precipitation is snow. It is usually associated with other conifers, e.g. Pinus koraiensis and Picea jezoensis; also with Pinus pumila and Juniperus sabina var. davurica at higher elevations (maritime provinces of the Russian Far East); in the interior with Picea obovata, Larix gmelinii, Pinus sibirica or Abies sibirica. Betula spp. and Sorbus amurensis are common associated broad-leaved trees.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Generation Length (years):50

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Hinggan Fir is an important timber tree in NE China and Korea. Its wood is used in carpentry and for plywood and veneer. The relatively small size of this tree on marginal sites makes exploitation in these areas less likely; the better, larger trees come from mixed conifer forests at middle elevations in the mountains. In horticulture, it was introduced to Great Britain in 1908 from the botanic garden in St. Petersburg, Russia. It remains a rarely planted species, which is susceptible to damage by late spring frosts in countries with an Atlantic maritime climate.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Logging is the primary threat, especially when accompanied by an increase in fire or grazing so that regeneration is inhibited or prevented.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Parts of the distribution of this species occur within protected areas, but the greater proportion is outside such reserves.

Citation: Zhang, D, Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K. 2013. Abies nephrolepis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42292A76095986. . Downloaded on 22 June 2018.
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