Araucaria montana 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Araucariaceae

Scientific Name: Araucaria montana
Species Authority: Brongn. & Gris
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-11-04
Assessor(s): Thomas, P.
Reviewer(s): Farjon, A. & Gardner, M.
Contributor(s): Munzinger, J., Jaffré, T. & Lowry, P.
This is the most widespread Araucaria on New Caledonia. However, the majority of subpopulations, especially those in the isolated northern ultrabasic massifs and the Canala/Poro have been and will continue to be affected by mining activities. Its current extent of occurrence, the fragmentation of the existing subpopulations, a continuing decline in area of occupancy, extent of occurrence and quality of habitat coupled with a projected 30% decline in total population within the next 100 years (three generations is longer than this) means that it meets the criteria for VU.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in scattered subpopulations throughout the main island of New Caledonia. An isolated subpopulation occurs on the Ile d'Art.  The species occurs at elevations ranging from 500 to 1,400 m.
Countries occurrence:
New Caledonia
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 104
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): Yes
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2: 7676
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): Yes
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Number of Locations: 10
Continuing decline in number of locations: Yes
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: No
Lower elevation limit (metres): 500
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1400
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Subpopulations may be locally extensive and cover several square kilometers.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: Yes
Extreme fluctuations: No Population severely fragmented: Yes
Continuing decline in subpopulations: Yes
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations: No All individuals in one subpopulation: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

A. montana is widely distributed in dense and low humid forests and in tall maquis minier throughout most of Grand Terre. It usually occurs on plateaus situated below summit ridges in areas that favour the formation of deep ore bodies just above the bedrock.

Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes
Generation Length (years): 35-100

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Open cast mining, its associated activities and an increase in fire frequencies are the main threats to this species except in locations in the north east where it is unlikely that mining will occur.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Currently known from only two protected areas (Mt Panie and Mt Do).

Citation: Thomas, P. 2010. Araucaria montana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T42197A10661614. . Downloaded on 02 December 2015.
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