Encephalartos ngoyanus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Encephalartos ngoyanus
Species Authority: I.Verd.
Common Name(s):
English Ngoye Cycad, Ngoye Dwarf Cycad

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A4acd; C1 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-31
Assessor(s): Donaldson, J.S.
Reviewer(s): Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.
Rare throughout its range and declining in places such as Ngoye forest. Originally estimated to have declined by 30-40% and continuing, and this does not seem to have changed since the last assessment in 2003.
2003 Vulnerable (IUCN 2003)
2003 Vulnerable
1997 Vulnerable (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has two distribution areas separated by a distance of about 125 km. It occurs mainly in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa and also in Swaziland and Mozambique. In the south it starts at the Ngoye Forest of central KwaZulu-Natal. Further north the distribution follows the Ubombo mountains from about Mkuze river and then northwards along the Lebombo mountains to where the Usutu river cuts through the mountain range. Occurs from 200 to 600 m asl.
Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Swaziland
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size is declining and though to number between 4.300 and 5,000 mature individuals.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in open grassland and on forest margins, often among boulders. Plants are often exposed to veld fires.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overgrazing and veld fires have taken their toll on wild populations and in addition, over zealous collectors have removed thousands of plants.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. Populations are found in the following reserves: Hlatikulu Forest Reserve, Ngoye Forest Reserve, Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park, Pongolapoort Nature Reserve and the Lebombo Cliffs (Natural heritage Site).

Citation: Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos ngoyanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.
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