|Scientific Name:||Turbinicarpus mandragora|
|Species Authority:||(Frič ex A.Berger) A.D.Zimmerman|
Echinocactus mandragora Frič ex A.Berger
|Taxonomic Notes:||Accepted as a valid species by Anderson (2001) and Hunt (1999). Some hobbyists refer to the genus as Gymnocactus. Two subspecies are recognized, the nominate form and subsp. pailanus (Halda & Panar.) Lüthy.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Fitz Maurice, B, Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Fitz Maurice, W.A. & Hernández, H.M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Goettsch, B.K. & Superina, M.|
Turbinicarpus mandragora is considered Critically Endangered because it is only known from a single, very restricted location of less than 5 km², its population consists of less than 4,000 individuals, and it is suffering a continuous decline as a result of illegal collecting.
|Range Description:||This cactus grows south of Parras, Coahuila, Mexico over an area of less than 5 km², at about 1,500 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The current estimated population consists of less than 4,000 individuals.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This cactus grows in semi-desert on rocky calcareous hills.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is illegally collected as an ornamental.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is threatened by illegal collecting. The habitat has become widely known to collectors although it is difficult to reach.|
This cactus is listed on CITES Appendix I, but the laws governing imports in the countries of destination need to be enforced. It has been widely propagated for over 40 years.
The species is legally protected in Mexico by the national list of species at risk of extinction, NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2010, where it is listed under the category “threatened” (A; SEMARNAT 2010).
|Citation:||Fitz Maurice, B, Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Fitz Maurice, W.A. & Hernández, H.M. 2013. Turbinicarpus mandragora. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 July 2014.|
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