Listed as Critically Endangered as the subspecies is estimated to have undergone a decline exceeding 80% over the past three generations. However, in the current major range state, South Africa, numbers of D. b. minor have increased from only 110 in 1930 to 1,684 by the end of 2010. Due to increased poaching, numbers have however declined in a number of populaions in the next biggest range state, Zimbabwe, but have increased in other Lowveld populations in the country. Zimbabwe remains the second most important range state conserving 431 as of the end of 2010. Commercial poaching by criminal syndicates has increased in recent years and if poaching continues to escalate this could threaten progress achieved over the last decade. Smaller numbers are also conserved in Tanzania (native), Botswana (reintroduced), Swaziland (reintroduced), Malawi (reintroduced), and Zambia (reintroduced). A single animal has also been seen in Mozambique since the 2008 IUCN SSC African Rhino Specialist Group meeting.