Mazama pandora


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Mazama pandora
Species Authority: Merriam, 1901
Common Name/s:
English Yucatan Brown Brocket
Spanish Temazate Café

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Weber, M., de Grammont, P.C. & Cuarón, A.D.
Reviewer/s: Black, P. & Gonzalez, S. (Deer Red List Authority)
This species is considered Vulnerable in light of a continuing decline in population, inferred from rates of habitat loss for this forest dependant species, estimated to be >30% over the past 3 generations (18 years). This species is a research priority as there is no information available outside of the protected area of Calakmul, thus there is no reliable information on its susceptibility to the numerous other threats which exist within its range, such as hunting and trapping.
2000 Data Deficient
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This is a recently re-discovered species. The range of the species is not completely known, but includes most of the Yucatan peninsula (Mexico), and marginally extends into northern Guatemala and Belize.
Belize; Guatemala; Mexico
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species seems to be fairly abundant locally, and in some parts of Yucatan it seems to be more common than the brown brocket.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Little is known about the ecology of this species. For many years it was considered to be a disjunct population of the brown brocket deer. It is a habitat generalist and highly adaptable deer. Since 1996, the first author is been studying its biology and ecology in South-eastern Mexico.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is currently a staple food of the Mayan people, but undoubtedly has also been hunted for many centuries. The effects of hunting on local populations, as well as the effects of deforestation should be examined.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The Yucatan peninsula has two large Biosphere Reserves. The Yucatan brown brocket has been confirmed to exist in one of them (Calakmul Biosphere Reserve), and it likely occurs in Sian Ka’an Reserve as well. Confirmation and status surveys are needed. The species is also known to occur in an area of Yucatan that has been sustainably managed for timber production and other forest products for at least two decades. However, populations of this deer exist outside protected areas and in large forested communal lands know as “ejidos” in Mexico.
Citation: Weber, M., de Grammont, P.C. & Cuarón, A.D. 2008. Mazama pandora. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
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