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Astacoides madagascariensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA ARTHROPODA MALACOSTRACA DECAPODA PARASTACIDAE

Scientific Name: Astacoides madagascariensis
Species Authority: (Milne Edwards and Audouin, 1839)
Common Name(s):
English Madagascar Freshwater Crayfish

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2010-06-01
Assessor(s): Jones, J.P.G.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B. & Richman, N.
Contributor(s): Livingston, F., Livingston, F., Soulsby, A.-M., Batchelor, A., Dyer, E., Whitton, F., Milligan, H.T., Smith, J., Lutz, M.L., De Silva, R., McGuinness, S., Kasthala, G., Jopling, B., Sullivan, K. & Cryer, G.
Justification:
Astacoides madagascariensis has been assessed as Data Deficient. This species has possibly undergone declines in abundance due to habitat degradation and loss. It is likely to undergo further declines in the future due to introduced species. This species is likely to qualify for a threat category, however there is no available estimate on the rate of population decline. Further research is needed to determine population decline before a more accurate assessment of conservation status can be made.
History:
1996 Data Deficient
1994 Indeterminate (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Indeterminate (IUCN 1990)
1988 Indeterminate (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Indeterminate (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Astacoides madagascariensis is endemic to Madagascar, and extends a little further north than that of any other Malagasy crayfishes. The distribution of this species lies at latitudes 18° to 21° S, longitudes 47° to 49° E. Type specimens were probably collected in the vicinity of Tananarive (Hobbs 1987). This species is found in the Toamasina and Antananarivo provinces (Boyko et al. 2005). This species has an estimated extent of occurrence of 3,697 km2.
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:

Astacoides madagascariensis is a relatively common and species where it is found (J.P.G. Jones pers. comm. 2009).

Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Astacoides madagascariensis is widespread in lotic habitats in the eastern rainforests. It is very similar to A. granulimanus and essentially appears to fill the same niche as this common species but with a range shifted to the north (J.P.G. Jones pers. comm. 2009).

Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is harvested throughout its range.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In common with other similar species in the genus (Jones et al. 2007), habitat loss due to the conversion of forest to agricultural land is likely to threaten Astacoides madagascariensis (J.P.G. Jones pers. comm. 2009). This species is also heavily harvested throughout its range. Although no studies have looked specifically at the sustainability of this harvest, the species is very similar to A. granulimanus which suggests the harvest may be sustainable under current conditions (Jones et al. 2005).

Introduced fish species, such as the Asian Snakehead (Channa maculata) represent a new and growing threat (Jones et al. 2007). Crayfish from the genus Procambarus have recently been found within the vicinity of the Malagasy capital, Antananarivo (Jones et al. 2008a) though the true distribution may in fact extend further. There is concern that Procambarus may eventually out compete native Astacoides species due to higher fecundity and growth rates or may act as a vector for crayfish plague (Jones et al. 2008a).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Astacoides madagascariensis, however there is a national law preventing the harvesting of crayfish under 10 cm total length. Local rules and taboos govern harvesting in some areas (Jones et al. 2008b).

Further research is needed on the population trends of this species.

Citation: Jones, J.P.G. 2010. Astacoides madagascariensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 September 2014.
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