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Tetracerus quadricornis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CETARTIODACTYLA BOVIDAE

Scientific Name: Tetracerus quadricornis
Species Authority: (de Blainville, 1816)
Common Name(s):
English Four-horned Antelope, Chousingha
French Antilope À Quatre Cornes, Antilope A Quatre Cornes, Tétracère
Spanish Antílope De Cuatro Cuernos

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable C2a(i) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Mallon, D.P.
Reviewer(s): Rahmani, A.R. & Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority)
Justification:
The population was estimated at less than 10,000 mature individuals (Mallon and Kingswood 2001). Based on loss of forest habitat, there is a continuing inferred and projected population decline and no subpopulation is estimated to contain more than 1,000 mature individuals.
History:
2003 Vulnerable (IUCN 2003)
2003 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The Four-horned Antelope is distributed widely, but in scattered populations, over most of India, from the Himalayan foothills to peninsular India (Rahmani 2001). A few may remain in Nepal.
Countries:
Native:
India; Nepal
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No robust estimates of the global population are available. Numbers were estimated at >10,000 (Mallon and Kingswood (2001).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The habitat and ecology of the species are not well known. It is found in well-wooded undulating or hilly areas and never far from water; they are solitary and browse and graze (Rahmani 2001).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to the species are habitat destruction, through the clearance of scrub and forest for agriculture.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs in many protected areas in India (for example, Gir N.P., Panna N.P., Pench N.P., and Kanha Tiger Reserve). It is totally protected by law on Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act. It is listed on CITES Appendix III (Nepal only).

Citation: Mallon, D.P. 2008. Tetracerus quadricornis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.
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