Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra dahurica
Species Authority: Turcz.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-17
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
E. dahurica is more restricted in range than other Central Asian species of Ephedra. Further monitoring is required to establish the status of the population as there are few known collections.There are no apparent major threats in the region so a rating of Least Concern is given.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Distributed across Mongolia and southern Siberia including Tuva, Buryatia and Chita provinces in the Russian Federation.
Countries occurrence:
Mongolia; Russian Federation (Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva)
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Very rare on the west coast of Lake Baikal, more common in the south of Buryatia (Peschkova 2005).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A shrub, found in the mountain steppes, the foot of slopes, rocky screes, among the thickets of elm and on the tops of hills (Peschkova 2005).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Known to be represented in one botanic garden, but no collections are known to have been made for ex situ conservation purposes. It is only known from a small number of collections with imprecise location information so it is not certain whether populations occur within protected areas.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
4. Grassland -> 4.4. Grassland - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Unknown
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Peschkova, G.A. 2005. Synopsis of the Siberian Ephedra species (Ephedraceae). Botanicheskii Zhurnal 90: 423-436.

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at:

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at:

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra dahurica. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201701A9168740. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
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