Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra brevifoliata
Species Authority: Ghahr.
Taxonomic Notes: Published in the Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique 44: 23, 1974.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-17
Assessor(s): Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
Only known from the type specimen collected in 1963. Exact location cannot be determined. Further surveys in the region of the type location are encouraged to determine whether this species is still extant. Due to unknown provenance and insufficient information this species is rated as Data Deficient.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Only known from a single collection in Sistran, Iran.
Countries occurrence:
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Population size and trend is not known.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Reported from the type specimen to occur in a dry, sunny place on bare alluvium. Likely to occur in the Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert ecoregion, although the exact location cannot be determined.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures known to be in place. Surveys in the region of the type collection are encouraged to determine whether this species is still extant.

Classifications [top]

8. Desert -> 8.1. Desert - Hot
suitability: Suitable  
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:No
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
0. Root -> 4. Other

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at:

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at:

Citation: Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra brevifoliata. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201697A9167765. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
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