Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra laristanica
Species Authority: Assadi

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-19
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
E. laristanica is endemic to Iran and known from a small number of specimens and a restricted range (ca. 10,000 kmĀ²). However, it occurs in fairly remote areas, often above 1,000 m and does not appear to be affected by any threatening processes at present. The population is believed to be stable, but further surveys in the region should be carried out to determine population size and to detect any declines or potential threats. The species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to Iran. Occurs from 400 m to 1,200 m.
Countries occurrence:
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Lower elevation limit (metres):400
Upper elevation limit (metres):1200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size is not known.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A shrub, up to 0.6 m tall, found growing in dry wadi beds and rocky slopes. Flowers in March.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: A single collection has been recorded from the Hormod National Protected Area. There are no known specimens in botanic gardens and no known ex situ collections e.g. samples in seed banks.

Classifications [top]

8. Desert -> 8.1. Desert - Hot
suitability: Suitable  
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Medicine - human & veterinary
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Assadi, M. 1996. A new species of Ephedra L. and reports of two new or interesting grasses from Iran. Iranian Journal of Botany 7(1): 1-6.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Plants for a Future. 1996-2010. Plants For A Future, Earth, Plants, People. Available at:

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. 2009. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Available at:

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra laristanica. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201667A9160232. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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