Acacia negrii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae

Scientific Name: Acacia negrii Pic.Serm.
Vachellia negrii (Pic.Serm.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2010-06-21
Assessor(s): Contu, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
The estimated extent of occurrence (EOO= 90,000 km²) doesn't meet the threshold for a threatened category at present. However, due to the severely fragmented distribution (the forested patches are severely scatted in a matrix of agricultural lands) and the fact that the species is not known to occur within the protected areas network, it is believed that the species is of conservation concern and it is therefore rated here as Near Threatened (meets Bab(iii)). Further research and field work should be carried out to study population size and dynamics of this species and make sure it doesn't fall into a threatened category in the near future.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Acacia negrii is endemic to Ethiopia (Gondar, Welo, Gojam, Shewa, Harege regions).
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):2000
Upper elevation limit (metres):3100
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:A. negrii has been described as rather common in association with Juniperus procera forest (Dyce and Friis #6189).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A. negrii is a shrub or tree up to 6 m with a flattened crown which grows in upland wooded grasslands, montane woodland, hilly grassland with scattered Acacias, rocky grazed area with Eucalyptus-stands, open dry hillside in low scrub and in disturbed habitats such as along roadsides. The seeds of A. negrii are very small in relation to pod width.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is used as fuelwood and bee forage.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation, accelerated soil erosion, and land degradation are serious problems in Ethiopia. The species occurs in the dry evergreen montane forest and grassland habitat which is under severe pressure as a consequence of inhabitants' need for agriculture and grazing land.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures specifically for A. negrii, and the species is not currently known to occur in the protected areas network. Samples of seed of A. negrii are currently stored in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault (Norway) as an ex situ conservation measure. The species has already been assessed as Vulnerable (VU A2cd+B1ab (I,ii,iii,iv)) in the Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea (Vivero et al. 2005).

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
2. Savanna -> 2.1. Savanna - Dry
4. Grassland -> 4.7. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.2. Species recovery

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:Yes
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Fuels
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Other (free text)
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Bishaw, B. 2001. Deforestation and Land Degradation in the Ethiopian Highlands: A stategy for Physical Recovery. Northeast African Studies 8(1): 7-26.

Girma, M., Ballo, S., Tegegne, A., Alemayehu N. and Belayhun, L. 2008. Approaches, methods and processes for innovative apiculture development: Experiences from Ada’a-Liben Woreda, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Improving Productivity and Market Success (IPMS) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 8.. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2012).

Ross, J.H. 1979. A conspectus of African Acacia species. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of Survey of South Africa 44: 155.

SGSV Data Portal. 2009. Svalbard Global Seed Vault. Oslo Available at: (Accessed: 28 September 2009).

Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Botanica 68: 1-223.

Vivero, J.L., Kebessa, E. and Demissew, S. 2005. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge.

Citation: Contu, S. 2012. Acacia negrii. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T19892073A19999655. . Downloaded on 18 September 2018.
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