Acacia menabeensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae

Scientific Name: Acacia menabeensis Villiers & Du Puy
Acacia minutifolia Drake

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,iv) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2009-09-30
Assessor(s): Contu, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Acacia menabeensis is endemic to Madagascar, where it is only known to occur in a restricted area north of Morondava (Toliara province). Due to the restricted extent of occurrence (EOO = 200 kmĀ²) and the high level of threats to the dry deciduous forests and to the succulent woodlands habitats, this species is currently rated as Endangered. Further research and field work are required to better understand the distribution, health and populations dynamics of this species.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Acacia menabeensis in endemic to Madagascar (Toliara province), where it is only known to occur in a small area north of Morondava. The specimen Leandri #475, which was collected in 1932 in Trangahy (Mahajanga), is not included in the species distribution range for this assessment, as there are no recent collections of the species from that area. This might suggest that it is not extant anymore at that locality and in the literature the species is mentioned to occur only in a small area north east of Morondova.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Number of Locations:1
Upper elevation limit (metres):500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no population data available for this species, and A. menabeensis is known to be very restricted in its distribution range.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A. menabeensis is a deciduous shrub 2-5 m tall which grows on sandy soil in disturbed deciduous scrubland, with Baobabs and Adansonia fony. Sutherland (Sutherland #224) described the species as a very prickly Acacia, and he observed several pods and seeds in the collection locality.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to the Madagascar succulent woodlands is fire, both intentional burning for expansion of agricultural lands and unintentional wildfires.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures specifically for A. menabeensis, and the species is known to occur in only one protected area: Menabe Reserve. Seed of A. menabeensis should be collected and stored as an ex situ conservation measure.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Du Puy, D.J., Labat, J.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. and Moat, J. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Kew.

eFloras. Unknown. Madagascar Catalogue. Available at: (Accessed: 8/8/2008).

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2012.2). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2012).

Moat, J. and Smith, P. 2007. Atlas of the Vegetation of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Kew.

Whitehurst, A.S. 2007. Preventing Deforestation in Madagascar: is Kirindy Mite National Park effective? Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University.

Citation: Contu, S. 2012. Acacia menabeensis. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T19891778A19999409. . Downloaded on 22 June 2018.
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