Salmo platycephalus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Salmoniformes Salmonidae

Scientific Name: Salmo platycephalus
Species Authority: Behnke, 1968
Common Name(s):
English Flathead Trout
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2014. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 10 March 2014. Available at: http://

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Erk’akan, F. & Karatash, A. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
This species is known from only one population in two streams. The population is currently abundant. However, the presence of the introduced Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss is a serious threat. Range is very small (less than 10 km²) and is projected to decline in near future as a result of larval predation from Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Critically Endangered (CR)
1994 Indeterminate (I)
1990 Endangered (E)
1988 Endangered (E)
1986 Endangered (E)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to tributaries (Sogoksu and Karagöz, near the town Pinarbasi) of River Zamanti, and a tributary of the River Seyhan in south-eastern Turkey.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population is large, but restricted.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Lives in mountain streams. Not a migratory species.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Illegal fishing using nets and the introduction of other trout species (Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, which is a predatory threat to larvae and a direct competitor) are the main threats. Pollution is not a threat in this case (mountainous area).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known to be in place.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Salmo platycephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T19854A9025116. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
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