Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Abies recurvata var. ernestii
Species Authority: (Rehd.) C.T.Kuan
Parent Species:
Abies ernestii Rehd.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.
Taxonomic Notes: The Chinese botanists treat this variety as a good species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2d ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-12-14
Assessor(s): Xiang, Q. & Rushforth, K.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Farjon, A.
A decline of more than 30%, but less than 50% is inferred to have occurred over the past three generations (150 years) primarily as a result of logging prior to the introduction of a ban in 1998. Consequently, this variety is assessed as Vulnerable. It is uncertain if the decline is continuing.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Has a much wider range than the typical variety, being recorded from SW Gansu, W Sichuan, SE Xizang [Tibet] and possibly from NW Yunnan (China).
Countries occurrence:
China (Gansu, Sichuan, Tibet [or Xizang])
Lower elevation limit (metres):2300
Upper elevation limit (metres):3200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Forms forests or small stands in mixed forest.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Occurs in small stands or mixed forest with broadleaved trees at lower elevations than other Abies in western Sichuan, occurring between 2,300 and 3,200 m asl.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Unknown
Generation Length (years):50

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: A timber tree in western China, heavily exploited until recently when the Chinese government finally decided to preserve its remaining old growth forests in the western provinces. Its timber was used mainly for construction and carpentry work.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Past logging has affected this species, plus pressure on lower elevation sites associated with expanding populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The Government of China has recently imposed a logging ban in western China. It occurs in protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:No
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:No
5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale)
♦ timing: Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

♦  Construction or structural materials
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Farjon, A. 2010. Conifer Database (June 2008) In Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). Reading, UK. Available at:

Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Citation: Xiang, Q. & Rushforth, K. 2013. Abies recurvata var. ernestii. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T191570A1989545. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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