Bodianus pulchellus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Labridae

Scientific Name: Bodianus pulchellus (Poey, 1860)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Spotfin Hogfish, Cuban hogfish, Hogfish
French Pourceau dos noir
Spanish Loro perro colorado, Pez perro de cola amarilla, Vieja lomonegro, Vieja lomo negro
Cossyphus pulchellus Poey, 1860
Taxonomic Notes: For taxonomic treatment see Gomon (2006).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-04-12
Assessor(s): Russell, B. & Rocha, L.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species has a relatively wide distribution in the western Atlantic. It is moderately large, not commonly marketed for food but frequently seen in the aquarium trade. This is a deeper water species and so the juvenilles are mostly captured for the aquarium trade. There are no major threats. It is listed as Least Concern. It is recommended that the export trade is monitored.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in the Western Atlantic from the Bermuda and offshore reefs east of the Carolinas to Honduras and northern South America, including the Antilles. It also extends down through the entire Brazillian coast from south of the Amazon to Santa Catarina including Atol das Rocas and Fernando de Noronha. It is also found in São Tomé Island in the Gulf of Guinea (Wirtz et al. 2007)
Countries occurrence:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Brazil; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – western central; Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – eastern central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):110
Upper depth limit (metres):18
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no population information available for this species.

Aquarium trade export data for Brazil for 2007 recorded 3,531 individuals (IBAMA 2007).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A moderately large species, to about 270 mm SL. It is associated with rock and coral cover in depths of 18-110 m, but rarely at depths greater than 24 m (Lieske and Myers 1994). It feeds on crabs and small shellfish (Gomon 1978). Juveniles pick parasites from other fishes (Lieske and Myers 1994).

It may hybridize with the Spanish hogfish, B. rufus (Sazima and Gasparini 1999).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is occasionally marketed fresh. Aquarium trade export data for Brazil for 2007 recorded 3,531 individuals (Offical statistics from IBAMA). It is frequently seen in the aquarium trade (Westneat 2002).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this species. Minor threats include capture for the aquarium trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.2. Intentional use: (large scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓   National : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Afonso, P., Porteiro, F.M., Santos, R.S., Barreiros, J.P., Worms, J. and Wirtz, P. 1999. Coastal marine fishes of São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences 17(A): 65-92.

Gomon, M.F. 1978. Labridae. In: W. Fischer (ed.), FAO species identification sheets for Fisheries Purposes, Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31), pp. 615-628. FAO, Rome.

Gomon, M.F. 2006. A revision of the labrid fish genus Bodianus with descriptions of eight new species. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 30: 1-133.

IBAMA. 2007. Peixes Ornamentais Marinhos Estatica de Exportacao por especie para 2007. Available at:

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Lieske, E. and Myers, R.F. 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific and Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers, New York, USA.

Sazima, I. and Gasparini, J. L. 1999. A presumed hybrid of the hogfishes Bodianus pulchellus and Bodianus rufus in the western South Atlantic (Perciformes: Labridae). Aqua International Journal of Ichthyology 3(3): 89-92.

Westneat, M.W. 2002. Labridae. Wrasses. In: K.E. Carpenter (ed.), FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, pp. 1701-1722. FAO, Rome.

Wirtz, P., Ferreira, C.E.L., Floeter, S.R., Fricke, R., Gasparini, J.L., Iwamoto, T., Rocha, L., Sampaio, C.L.S. and Schliewen, U.K. 2007. Coastal Fishes of São Tomé and Príncipe islands, Gulf of Guinea (Eastern Atlantic Ocean)—an update. Zootaxa 1523: 1-48.

Wood, L. 2007. MPA Global: A database of the world’s marine protected areas. Available at:

Citation: Russell, B. & Rocha, L. 2010. Bodianus pulchellus. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187570A8571598. . Downloaded on 23 June 2018.
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