Austrolabrus maculatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Labridae

Scientific Name: Austrolabrus maculatus (Macleay, 1881)
Common Name(s):
English Black-spotted Wrasse, Black-spotted Parrotfish
Labrichthys maculata Macleay, 1881
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2015. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 7 January 2015. Available at: (Accessed: 7 January 2015).
Taxonomic Notes: For taxonomic treatment see Russell (1988)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-03-25
Assessor(s): Russell, B.
Reviewer(s): Fairclough, D. & Liu, M.
Little is known of the population and life history characteristics (limited biological data). However, this species is abundant where studied, is widespread and there are no apparent threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in temperate Australia from New South Wales to South Australia, and Western Australia though not reliably recorded from Tasmania or Victoria (B. Russell pers. comm. 2008).
Countries occurrence:
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – southwest
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):40
Upper depth limit (metres):10
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Presumed continuous distribution in Western Australia. Semi-quantitative underwater visual census (UVC, timed swims) of Hutchins (2001) found A. maculatus to be frequent or abundant at seven locations surveyed between the Houtman Abrolhos Islands (ca 28-29°S, 114°E) and Esperance (34°S,122°E) in Western Australia. Quantitative UVC (measured transects) within the Jurien Bay Marine Park (ca 30-31°S, 115°E) confirmed this species to be relatively abundant at that location, occurring on deeper more exposed reefs (> 10 m), closely associated with the substrate, among red algae, turfs and ledges (Fairclough et al. in prep). Harvey et al. (2004) also found A. maculatus to be abundant over reef habitats at Esperance. The population is probably stable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A small species, to about 126 mm SL. Inhabits rocky areas in depths of about 10-40 m (B. Russell pers. comm. 2008).
In Jurien Bay Marine Park, occurring on deeper more exposed reefs (> 10 m), closely associated with the substrate, among red algae, turfs and ledges (Fairclough et al. in prep). Biological data from a few individuals collected on mid-west coast of Australia suggests protogyny, e.g. differential size range of females and males and sexual dichromatism, coupled with histological analyses of gonads (males contain secondary testes), but not confirmed/conclusive at this stage (Fairclough, D. unpublished data).

Species is common in shallow water in Western Australia (to about 20 m), but tends to be in deeper water (to 40 m) in sponge habitats elsewhere (B. Russell pers. comm.2008).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, in Western Australia, South Australia and New South Wales, several marine parks have recently been established or are being established within its range and comprise “no fishing” areas. However, those areas typically represent a relatively small proportion of the area of those MPAs. Furthermore, trophic linkages to this species are relatively poorly understood and thus flow on effects of protection afforded to its predators by those “no fishing” zones is unknown.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.7. Marine Neritic - Macroalgal/Kelp

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

Fairclough, D.V., Potter, I.C., Lek, E., Bivoltsis, A.K. and Babcock, R.C. in prep. The fish communities and main fish populations of the Jurien Bay Marine Park. Final Report to the Strategic Research Fund for the Marine Environment prepared by Murdoch Unversity, Perth, Western Australia.

Harvey, E., Cappo, M., Grove, S., Kendrick, G. and Kleczkowski, M. 2004. The influence of habitat on the structure of the demersal fish assemblages in the Recherche Archipelago. In Characterising the fish habitats of the Recherche Archipelago. Final Report to the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Project 2001/060. University of Western Australia, Perth Australia.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and rainbow wrasses and their relatives – a comprehensive guide to selected labrids. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.

Russell, B.C. 1988. Revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudolabrus and allied genera. Records of the Australian Museum. Supplement 9: 1-72.

Citation: Russell, B. 2010. Austrolabrus maculatus. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187491A8550271. . Downloaded on 22 June 2018.
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