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Propithecus coquereli

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PRIMATES INDRIIDAE

Scientific Name: Propithecus coquereli
Species Authority: (A. Grandidier, 1867)
Common Name(s):
English Coquerel's Sifaka, Crowned Sifaka
Synonym(s):
Propithecus verreauxi subspecies coquereli (A. Grandidier, 1867)
Taxonomic Notes: Formerly considered a subspecies of P. verreauxi (e.g., Groves 1993), but elevated to full species status by Groves (2001) and Mayor et al. (2004).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A2acd ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2012-07-11
Assessor(s): Andriaholinirina, N., Baden, A., Blanco, M., Chikhi, L., Cooke, A., Davies, N., Dolch, R., Donati, G., Ganzhorn, J., Golden, C., Groeneveld, L.F., Irwin, M., Johnson, S., Kappeler, P., King, T., Lewis, R., Louis, E.E., Markolf, M., Mass, V., Mittermeier, R.A., Nichols, R., Patel, E., Rabarivola, C.J., Raharivololona, B., Rajaobelina, S., Rakotoarisoa, G., Rakotomanga, B., Rakotonanahary, J., Rakotondrainibe, H., Rakotondratsimba, G., Rakotondratsimba, M., Rakotonirina, L., Ralainasolo, F.B., Ralison, J., Ramahaleo, T., Ranaivoarisoa, J.F., Randrianahaleo, S.I., Randrianambinina, B., Randrianarimanana, L., Randrianasolo, H., Randriatahina, G., Rasamimananana, H., Rasolofoharivelo, T., Rasoloharijaona, S., Ratelolahy, F., Ratsimbazafy, J., Ratsimbazafy, N., Razafindraibe, H., Razafindramanana, J., Rowe, N., Salmona, J., Seiler, M., Volampeno, S., Wright, P., Youssouf, J., Zaonarivelo, J. & Zaramody, A.
Reviewer(s): Schwitzer, C. & Molur, S.
Contributor(s): Clark, F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Chiozza, F. & Clark, F.
Justification:
Listed as Endangered as the species is suspected to have undergone a population decline of ≥50% over a period of 52.5 years (three generations), due primarily to observed continuing decline in area, extent and quality of habitat due to slash-and-burn agriculture, annual burning to generate new pasture for livestock, and forests cut to produce charcoal, in addition to exploitation through unsustainable hunting pressure. These causes have not ceased, and will to a large extent not be easily reversible. Assuming population reductions to continue, this species may need to be uplisted to Critically Endangered in the near future.
History:
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1990 Vulnerable (IUCN 1990)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found throughout the forested areas of north-western Madagascar to the north and east of the Betsiboka River. Its most southerly occurrence is reportedly Ambato-Boéni, its northern limit is near Bealanana, and its eastern boundary is near Antetemasy (just west of Befandriana Nord). It occurs from near sea-level to 300 m (Mittermeier et al. 2013).
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population figures are in decline due to habitat loss and hunting. An estimated 200,000 individuals are thought to remain (Mittermeier et al. 2008).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This diurnal vertical clinger and leaper is most commonly found in mixed deciduous and evergreen forests, and often in brush-and-scrub and secondary formations as well; also sighted in coastal mangroves on Baie de Mahajamba. They occasionally descend to the ground. In the forests of Ankarafantsika it is seen in groups of three to 10 with home ranges of 4-9 ha (Petter 1962, Albignac 1981). Sexual maturity is reached at roughly 2.5 years of age for both gendersBirths are clustered in the months of June and July. A gestation period of 162 days normally leads to a single young born (Richard 1978, 1987). Infants become completely independent by about six months of age and reach adult size by one year (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

Hunting for food is an increasing pressure.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is severely threatened by habitat destruction and hunting, to which its restricted distribution makes it particularly susceptible. Slash-and-burn agriculture and annual burning to generate new pasture for livestock are the principle causes of forest loss, but trees in this part of Madagascar are also cut to produce charcoal. All of these practices are a problem even in offiically protected areas. Hunting for food is an increasing pressure; local traditions place taboos on the practice, but immigration to the region is changing these beliefs.


Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of CITES. The only two protected areas in which it is known to occur are the Ankarafantsika National Park and the Bora Special Reserve; however, hunting pressure on sifakas is significant in Ankarafantsika (Garcia and Goodman 2003) and Bora has become seriously degraded. Populations of P. coquereli have also been reported from the forests of Anjiamanginana, Anjajavy, the Narinda Peninsula, and Mariarano, which should be considered for protected area status (Mittermeier et al. 2008). As of 2010, 48 individuals of this species are represented in a small number of zoos in the United States, as well as the Lemur Park in Madagascar (I.J. Porton pers. comm., C. Schwitzer pers. obs.). 

Citation: Andriaholinirina, N., Baden, A., Blanco, M., Chikhi, L., Cooke, A., Davies, N., Dolch, R., Donati, G., Ganzhorn, J., Golden, C., Groeneveld, L.F., Irwin, M., Johnson, S., Kappeler, P., King, T., Lewis, R., Louis, E.E., Markolf, M., Mass, V., Mittermeier, R.A., Nichols, R., Patel, E., Rabarivola, C.J., Raharivololona, B., Rajaobelina, S., Rakotoarisoa, G., Rakotomanga, B., Rakotonanahary, J., Rakotondrainibe, H., Rakotondratsimba, G., Rakotondratsimba, M., Rakotonirina, L., Ralainasolo, F.B., Ralison, J., Ramahaleo, T., Ranaivoarisoa, J.F., Randrianahaleo, S.I., Randrianambinina, B., Randrianarimanana, L., Randrianasolo, H., Randriatahina, G., Rasamimananana, H., Rasolofoharivelo, T., Rasoloharijaona, S., Ratelolahy, F., Ratsimbazafy, J., Ratsimbazafy, N., Razafindraibe, H., Razafindramanana, J., Rowe, N., Salmona, J., Seiler, M., Volampeno, S., Wright, P., Youssouf, J., Zaonarivelo, J. & Zaramody, A. 2014. Propithecus coquereli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 October 2014.
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