|Scientific Name:||Pantodon buchholzi|
|Species Authority:||Peters, 1876|
Pantodon buccholzi Peters, 1876
Pantodon buccholzii Peters, 1876
Pantodon buchholtzi Peters, 1876
Pantodon buchholzi macrolepis Brüning, 1911
Pantodon buchholzi schizonotus Brüning, 1911
Pantodon bucholzi Peters, 1876
|Taxonomic Notes:||Recent molecular analyses indicate that Pantodon buchholzi is heterospecific (Lavoué in lit.) and further studies are needed to clarify the taxonomy and distribution of this species complex.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Brummett, R., Mbe Tawe, A.N., Dening Touokong, C., Reid, G.M., Snoeks, J. Staissny, M., Moelants, T., Mamonekene, V., Ndodet, B., Ifuta, S.N.B., Chilala, A., Monsembula, R., Ibala Zamba, A., Opoye Itoua, O., Pouomogne, V., Darwall, W. & Smith, K.|
This species has a wide distribution, with no known major widespread threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern. It has also been assessed regionally as Least Concern for central and western Africa.
|Range Description:||This species is patchily distributed from Benin to Chad, and south to Gabon.
Central Africa: Pantodon buchholzi is known from Pool Malebo (Stanley Pool) upstream to Tanganga River, Lualaba River basin. Elsewhere, it is known from the Lower Guinea region from the Cross River (Nigeria), mouths of small coastal basins between the Cross and the Sanaga Rivers (Cameroon), and the southern part of the Ogowe (Gabon).
Western Africa: Specimens have been collected from Lower Cross Niger Delta (Imo and Osse) and Lower Ogun but the distribution seems to be much wider that this. Also reported from Lokoja near the confluence of the Benue and Niger, the Lower Benue, Chari in the Chad basin, and Lower Oueme in Benin.
Native:Benin; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Gabon; Nigeria
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information available.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Pantodon buchholzi is a pelagic, potamodromous species. It is a species from calm waters (White 1994). It lives in swamps, creeks and backwaters (Olaosebikan and Raji 1998), and inhabits the calmer parts of rivers (Matthes 1964), where it can be seen on the surface waters (Gosse 1963). They are capable of jumping out of the water, to search for insects or to escape from predators (Teugels 1990). It is not a glider, but a ballistic jumper (Saidel et al. 2004), with a tremendous jumping power (Olaosebikan and Raji 1998). Pantodon buchholzi is an exophageous insectivore, feeding on terrestrial insects and aquatic larvae and nymphs of insects (Matthes 1964). It also feeds on crustaceans and fish (Mills and Vevers 1989). It was introduced in 1905 to European aquarists (White 1994, Arnold 1935). Pantodon buchholzi is a favourite fish for aquarists; in the aquarium it can rest with the top of the head and the large pectoral fins touching the surface, while the long rays of the pelvic fin hang down perpendicularly, forming a tempting morsel for other aggressive fish in the same tank, and therefore it should be stocked together with only bottom dwellers (Reed et al. 1967). Pantodon buchholzi lays 80 to 220 eggs (Riehl and Baensch 1996).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is harvested for human consumption, as well as the aquarium trade.|
|Major Threat(s):||It has commercial value as an aquarium fish.|
|Conservation Actions:||None known.|
|Citation:||Moelants, T. 2010. Pantodon buchholzi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 March 2015.|
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