Eurypharynx pelecanoides 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Saccopharyngiformes Eurypharyngidae

Scientific Name: Eurypharynx pelecanoides Vaillant, 1882
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Pelican Eel, Big-mouth Gulper, Deep-sea Gulper Eel, Gulper, Gulper Eel, Pelican Fish, Pelican Gulper, Pelican Gulper Fish, Umbrellamouth Gulper
French Grand-gousier Pelican, Grandgousier Pélican
Spanish Pez Pelicano

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2012-05-24
Assessor(s): Iwamoto, T.
Reviewer(s): Weller, S., Strongin, K., Polidoro, B. & Carpenter, K.E.
Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed and is commonly captured below 1,000 m off West Africa. It is an extremely deep-dwelling species that has no major threats. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico, off Louisiana (McEachran et al. 1998). It is found at depths ranging from 500-7,625 m, although it is more typically found in waters ranging from 1,200-1,400 m (Masuda et al. 1984).
Countries occurrence:
American Samoa; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Australia (Macquarie Is.); Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Belize; Benin; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Brazil (Trindade); British Indian Ocean Territory; Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile (Easter Is.); China; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Curaçao; Disputed Territory (Paracel Is., Spratly Is.); Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador (Galápagos); El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Faroe Islands; Fiji; France (Clipperton I.); French Guiana; French Southern Territories (Amsterdam-St. Paul Is., Crozet Is., Mozambique Channel Is.); Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Greenland; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Haiti; Honduras; Iceland; India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Ireland; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati (Kiribati Line Is., Phoenix Is.); Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Liberia; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mexico; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Portugal (Azores, Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Puerto Rico; Réunion; Russian Federation (Central Asian Russia, Kuril Is.); Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Ascension, Saint Helena (main island), Tristan da Cunha); Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa (Marion-Prince Edward Is.); Spain (Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Sri Lanka; Suriname; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; Tuvalu; United Kingdom; United States (Alaska, Hawaiian Is.); United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is., Johnston I., Wake Is.); Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Western Sahara; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – Antarctic; Atlantic – western central; Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – southeast; Atlantic – northwest; Indian Ocean – Antarctic; Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – western central; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – northeast; Pacific – eastern central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):7625
Upper depth limit (metres):500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Sampling undertaken as part of the census of marine life project, using double-warp midwater trawls revealed that Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a dominant component of the fish assemblage, contributing 4.6% of the total biomass collected at depths ranging from 750 to >2,300 m. This species was also found to be a dominant component of the near bottom assemblage between 1,500 and 2,300 m, accounting for 42% of the total biomass (Sutton et al. 2008). Eurypharynx pelecanoides is abundant in museum collections (542 lots). It is most frequently seen in single-specimen lots. Lots typically contain one to two individuals, however there are a few lots which contain many individuals (FishNet2 database searched March 2013). This species is commonly captured below 1,000 m off West Africa by the Nansen Surveys (Iwamoto pers. comm. 2013).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Eurypharynx pelecanoides is an indiscriminate feeder which feeds on a variety of prey items including crustaceans, fish and squid (Nielsen et al. 1989). This species is thought to be semelparous, breeding only once (Nielsen et al. 1989). This species is sexually dimorphic, with males developing a large, knob-like nasal rosette (Gartner 1983).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are currently no threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are currently no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species.

Citation: Iwamoto, T. 2015. Eurypharynx pelecanoides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T18227119A42691734. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
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