Actinopyga caerulea 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Echinodermata Holothuroidea Aspidochirotida Holothuriidae

Scientific Name: Actinopyga caerulea Samyn, Vanden Spiegel & Massin, 2006
Common Name(s):
English Blue Sea Cucumber
Taxonomic Notes: In the Philippines this species may previously have been recorded as Actinopyga crassa or Actinopyga bannwarti (Samyn et al. 2006)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-05-18
Assessor(s): Conand, C., Purcell, S. & Gamboa, R.
Reviewer(s): Polidoro, B., Harwell, H., Carpenter, K.E. & Knapp, L.
This species appears to be widespread in the Indo-Pacific, and is considered rare. It is found in relatively shallow waters, and is fished. The extent that this species is currently fished or will be fished in the future is not known. Therefore it is listed as Data Deficient. More information is needed on the status of this species population, distribution, habitat, ecology and impact of major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in the Indo-West Pacific from Comoros in the west to New Caledonia in the east. It is located in the Bali sea, Sulawesi, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Thailand as well.
Countries occurrence:
Comoros; Indonesia; Mayotte; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Solomon Islands; Taiwan, Province of China; Thailand
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):45
Upper depth limit (metres):12
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a rare sea cucumber species and is only known from a few specimens.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is characteristic of somewhat deeper tropical waters and has been observed from 12 to 45m.  It is usually found during the day and night on sand or sand and rubble (Kerr et al. 2006), foraging actively during the day and is a detritus/deposit feeder on coral patches on the outer slope of coral reefs.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is harvested for the production of bĂȘche-de-mer in Papua New Guinea (Kinch et al. 2008), and has been purchased from a local retail market in Guangzhou, China (Wen et al. 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This shallow water species is fished commercially in some parts of its range (Kinch et al. 2008).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures in place for this species, but its distribution directly overlaps with several marine protected areas.  Future research is needed on the population levels of and harvesting effects on this species.

Citation: Conand, C., Purcell, S. & Gamboa, R. 2013. Actinopyga caerulea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T180530A1644059. . Downloaded on 20 June 2018.
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