|Scientific Name:||Epipactis tallosii|
|Species Authority:||A.Molnár & Robatsch|
Epipactis tallosii A. Molnár & Robatsch subspecies tallosii
Epipactis tallosii A.Molnár & Robatsch subspecies zaupolensis Barbaro & Kreutz
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Rankou, H. & Bilz, M.|
Epipactis tallosii is very rare and local with small and isolated populations over a scattered distribution. The trend of the population is decreasing and the area of occupancy of the species is below 500 km². The species is threatened by the destruction of forests, clearing of old trees, inappropriate woodland management, construction of forests roads, drainage, urbanisation, tourism, and consumption by animals. Therefore, Epipactis tallosii is assessed as Endangered.
Epipactis tallosii is a European endemic found in Italy, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia. In Italy it is found in Zoppola in the province of Pordenone, and in Hungary between the Danube and Tisza rivers. The species can be found up to 100 m asl. (The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2010, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009). The area of occupancy is below 500 km².
Native:Czech Republic; Hungary; Italy (Italy (mainland)); Slovakia
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Epipactis tallosii is very rare and local with small and isolated populations over a scattered distribution. The population has a decreasing trend (Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009).
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Epipactis tallosii is found in lowland mixed woodland (oak with Quercus cerris and Q. robur). It prefers moist, often acidic substrates. This species grows in shade and it flowers from July to August (Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009).
Epipactis tallosii is threatened by habitat loss caused by the destruction of forests, clearing of old trees, inappropriate woodland management, construction of forest roads, and drainage of high ground water. In addition, it is harmed by urbanisation, tourism, recreational activities, and digging and consumption by animals (Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009).
All orchids are included under Annex B of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). This orchid is listed as Critically Endangered in Czech Republic (Holub and Procházka 2000) and Near Threatened in Hungary (Király 2007).
(Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009).
|Citation:||Fay, M. 2011. Epipactis tallosii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.|
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