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Cymodocea serrulata

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA NAJADALES CYMODOCEACEAE

Scientific Name: Cymodocea serrulata
Species Authority: (R.Br.) Asch. & Magnus
Common Name(s):
English Species code: Cs

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-03-17
Assessor(s): Short, F.T., Coles, R., Waycott, M., Bujang, J.S., Fortes, M., Prathep, A., Kamal, A.H.M., Jagtap, T.G., Bandeira, S., Freeman, A., Erftemeijer, P., La Nafie, Y.A., Vergara, S., Calumpong, H.P. & Makm, I.
Reviewer(s): Livingstone, S., Harwell, H. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:
Cymodocea serrulata is common and widespread. The population is thought to be stable, although there are reported declines locally due to anthropogenic threats. However this species is fast growing and can recolonize after disturbance. This species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Cymodocea serrulata has a wide Indo-Pacific distribution. In the Pacific, it is found from southern Japan, Taiwan and Hainan, China, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia extending to the southern tip of Vietnam and the Gulf of Thailand and across insular Southeast Asia to New Caledonia, northern Australia and across Micronesia.

In the Indian Ocean, it is found from Chabjuwardoo Bay in mid-Western Australia extending across the Timor Sea, the south coast of Indonesia, and throughout the Andaman Sea. In India, it is found from the Coromandel Coast to the Malabar Coast and in the Lakshadweep Islands. It ranges from the Red Sea south to the east coast of South Africa to Madagascar and the islands of the western Indian Ocean.
Countries:
Native:
Australia; Comoros; Egypt; India; Indonesia; Japan; Kenya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; New Caledonia; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Vanuatu; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Cymodocea serrulata is a fairly common and widespread species. The overall population is thought to be stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Cymodocea serrulata grows on muddy sand, fine sand or sand with coral rubble substrates in the intertidal zone. It is a mid-successional species, and can colonize very quickly once established. This species can quickly recover or return after a disturbance. This is a pioneer species in Mozambique in silted channels. In eastern Australia, it occurs in deeper sediments and has been linked to increased rates of sediment accretion. This species is a food for dugongs when other resources are low. It is also grazed on by fish and urchins.
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is sometimes used as fertilizer in India.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Cymodocea serrulata is threatened by localized coastal development, pollution, dredging, siltation and destructive fishing methods. This species is believed to be sensitive to decreases in salinity (such as those caused by increasing freshwater run-off from hard surfaces).  This species completely disappeared after a cyclone on Magnetic Island, but has completely recovered within 20 years (Birch and Birch 1994).

However, this species is more resilient to sedimentation compared to other coastal seagrass species and is very quick to recover from disturbance.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Cymodocea serrulata is protected in various marine parks and protected areas within its range. All seagrass species are protected in India since 1993.

Citation: Short, F.T., Coles, R., Waycott, M., Bujang, J.S., Fortes, M., Prathep, A., Kamal, A.H.M., Jagtap, T.G., Bandeira, S., Freeman, A., Erftemeijer, P., La Nafie, Y.A., Vergara, S., Calumpong, H.P. & Makm, I. 2010. Cymodocea serrulata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 July 2014.
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