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Bithynia skadarskii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA LITTORINIMORPHA BITHYNIIDAE

Scientific Name: Bithynia skadarskii
Species Authority: Glöer & Pešić, 2007

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-11-20
Assessor(s): Pešić, V.
Reviewer(s): Feher, Z., Tomovic, J., Vavrova, L., Van Damme, D., Abdul Malak, D. & Seddon, M.B.
Justification:

Bithynia skadarskii  is an endemic species of Lake Skadar, where it is known from 3 sites, Karuč, Vranjina, Island Kom.  The lake is suffering rapid eutrophication, and as such the habitat is declining in quality, and as such the species is considered to be threatened.


Europe: Endangered B2a, b(iii)

Mediterranean: Endangered B2a, b(iii)

EU 27: Not applicable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Bithynia skadarskii  is an endemic species of Lake Skadar, between Montenegro and Albania. It is known from 3 sites, Karuč, Vranjina, Island Kom. This species is listed for the Albanian part of SkadarLake (Dhora 2009) but without locality.
Countries:
Native:
Albania; Montenegro
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size and trends for the species is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Bithynia skadarskii lives in the littoral part of the lake between the emergent (Phragmites communis, Typha angustifolia, Scirpus lacuster) and floating (Nymphaea alba, Nuphar luteum, Trapa natans) vegetation.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The lake is suffering rapid eutrophication as the result of agricultural activities and pollution from domestic sewage.  There is also offtake of water from parts of the lake for domestic supplies in the towns adjacent to the lake.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation actions in place for the species. Lake Skadar has some ecosystem management plans in place, however, this species requires habitat management to maintain the ecosystem in view of the possible lake-level changes and eutropication, as it  lives in the littoral part of the lake between the emergent and floating vegetation.  Survey-work is required to establish the number of subpopulations in Albania.

Citation: Pešić, V. 2010. Bithynia skadarskii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 July 2014.
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