Phenacogrammus interruptus

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CHARACIFORMES ALESTIDAE

Scientific Name: Phenacogrammus interruptus
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1899)
Common Name(s):
English Congo Tetra
Synonym(s):
Alestopetersius interruptus (Boulenger, 1899)
Hemigrammalestes interruptus (Boulenger, 1899)
Micralestes interruptus Boulenger, 1899

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-02-16
Assessor(s): Snoeks, J., Laleye, P., Moelants, T. & Contreras-MacBeath, T.
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J., Collen, B., Darwall, W.R.T., Ram, M., Smith, K. & Allen, D.J.
Justification:
P. interruptus has been assessed as Least Concern as it has a wide range, with no known major widespread threats.
History:
2009 Least Concern
2007 Least Concern (IUCN 2009.2)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:P. interruptus is known from Pool Malebo (Stanley Pool) and from the Central Congo basin.
Countries:
Native:
Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Currently, there is a lack of detailed population numbers and the global trend is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: P. interruptus is a benthopelagic species. It feeds on worms, small insects, crustaceans and plant matter (Mills and Vevers 1989). In a tank, after vigorous driving by the male, the female lays up to 300 eggs, sometimes more, which sink to the bottom. The eggs hatch after about 6 days (Mills and Vevers 1989).
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The proportion of individuals taken from the wild is not known, therefore 50/50 wild capture/captive breeding assumed.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is collected commercially for the aquarium trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures or actions known.

Bibliography [top]

Anon. 1997. Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. Tervuren, Belgium.

Anon. 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London. Natural History Museum, London.

Anon. 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. Grahamstown.

Anon. 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Icthyology and Herpetology, Zoological.

Anon. 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution)..

Anon. 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park W.

Aquarium Science Association of the Philippines, Inc. (ASAP). 1996. Aquarium species in the Philippines. ASAP Aquarist Database Report. Quezon City.

Bassleer, G. 1997. Color guide of tropical fish diseases: on freshwater fish..

Carl, H. 2003. Danish fish names. Unpublished.

Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2006. FishBase. Available at: www.fishbase.org.

Grabda, E. and Heese, T. 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Koszalin, Poland.

Gyldenholm, A.O. and Scheel, J.J. 1974. Chromosome numbers of fishes. I. In: J.P. Wourms, D.E. Semler, J.V. Merriner et al (ed.), Genetic studies of fish: II, pp. 90-97. MSS Information Corporation, New York.

Hureau, J.-C. 1991. La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. Atlas Preliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche,, pp. 225-227. Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).

McKay, R.J. 1984. Introductions of exotic fishes in Australia. In: W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer (eds), Distribution, Biology and Management of Exotic fishes, pp. 177-199. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Mills, D. and Vevers, G. 1989. The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey.

Paugy, D. 1984. Characidae. In: J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds), Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA), pp. 140-183. ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren.

Paugy, D. 1990. Characidae. In: C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds), Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome I. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° XXVIII, pp. 195-236. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren et O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris.

Post, A. 1965. Vergleichende Untersuchungen der Chromosomenzahlen bei Süßwasser-Teleosteern. Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 3: 47-93.

Robins, C.R., Bailey, R.M., Bond, C.E., Brooker, J.R., Lachner, E.A., Lea, R.N. and Scott, W.B. 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada..

Schliewen, U.K. 1992. Aquarium fish. Barron's Education Series, Incorporated.

Swedish Museum of Natural History. 1999. NRM Ichthyology collection database. Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Vasil'ev, V.P. 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. Journal of Ichthyology 20(3): 1-38.

Wheeler, A. 1977. Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart.

Wu, H.L., Shao, K.T. and Lai, C.F. 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.


Citation: Snoeks, J., Laleye, P., Moelants, T. & Contreras-MacBeath, T. 2010. Phenacogrammus interruptus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided