|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Myers, R. & Pratchett, M.
||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.
While there have been no declines documented, this species is dependent on live coral cover, which may therefore make it susceptible to habitat loss. However, it has a relatively wide distribution, apparently large population and no obvious major threats other than coral loss. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific (Pyle 2001), from the east African coast from as far south as Durban, South Africa (Burgess 1978), east to the Line Islands (Kiribati and USA) and Hawaii (Steene 1978), north to the Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan) and south to the Great Barrier Reef (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). Vagrants have been recorded as far east as the Galapagos Islands (Chile) and the Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico). It has been recorded from depths of 2-30 m.|
Australia; British Indian Ocean Territory; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Ecuador (Galápagos); Fiji; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories (Mozambique Channel Is.); India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati (Phoenix Is.); Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Seychelles; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands (US Line Is.); Vanuatu
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – western; Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – western central
|♦ Lower depth limit (metres):||30|
|♦ Upper depth limit (metres):||2|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|