Acanthodactylus harranensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Lacertidae

Scientific Name: Acanthodactylus harranensis Baran, Kumlutaş, Lanza, Sindaco, Ilgaz, Avci & Crucitti, 2005

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu, Roberto Sindaco
Reviewer(s): Neil Cox and Helen Temple
This species is listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence is 3.6 km² and area of occupancy is less than 3.6 km². All individuals are in a single location and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of habitat and the number of mature individuals. This species could decline significantly with increases in tourism, historic excavation pressure and overgrazing (Lise 2006).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is currently known only from the ruins of the ancient city of Harran in Turkey, with a total known range of approximately 3.6 km² (Baran et al. 2005, Eken et al. 2006). The occurrence in adjoining poorly surveyed countries (northern Syria and northern Iraq) is possible, but needs to be confirmed (R. Sindaco in litt. October 2008). The species has been recorded at around 400 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Number of Locations:1
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is rare within its very limited habitat. There are believed to be fewer than 1,000 mature individuals at the Harran locality.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is found in rocky habitats including ruins, but not the surrounding intensive agriculture. It lays eggs.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by tourism of the historic site, and possibly also by continuing excavation of ruins. It is threatened by overgrazing of its habitat within the only known locality (Lise 2006). This species cannot tolerate intensive agriculture which occurs in the areas surrounding the historic site.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is found in a Harran archeological protected area. However, this site is managed protected for the conservation of the historical site and tourism. More research is needed to understand the biology of the species.

Classifications [top]

0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

Bibliography [top]

Baran, I., Kumlutaş, Y., Benedetto Lanza, B., Sindaco, R., Ilgaz, C., Avci, A. and Crucitti, P. 2005. Acanthodactylus harranensis, a new species of lizard from southeastern Turkey (Reptilia: Sauria: Lacertidae). Boll. Mus. reg. Sci. nat.Torino 23(1): 323-341.

Eken, G., Bozdoğan, M., İsfandiyaroğlu, S., Kılıç, DT. and Lise Y. 2006. Key Biodiversity Area of Turkey. Nature Society, Ankara.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.1). Available at: (Accessed: 22 June 2009).

Lise, Y. 2006. Harran Ruin. In: Eken, G., Bozdoğan, M., İsfandiyaroğlu, S., Kılıç, DT., Lise Y. (ed.), Key Biodiversity Area of Turkey., pp. 456-457. Nature Society, Ankara.

Sindaco, R. and Jeremčenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Turtles, Crocodiles, Amphisbaenians and Lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Citation: Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu, Roberto Sindaco. 2009. Acanthodactylus harranensis. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T164562A5908003. . Downloaded on 24 June 2018.
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