Latimeria chalumnae


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Latimeria chalumnae
Species Authority: Smith, 1939
Common Name(s):
English Coelacanth, Gombessa
French Coelacanthe
Spanish Celecanto

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2bcd ver 2.3
Year Published: 2000
Date Assessed: 2000-06-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Musick, J.A.
1996 Endangered
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Vulnerable (IUCN 1990)
1988 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Known as the "living fossil", this species occurs in the Indo-West Pacific in the vicinity of the Grand Comoro and Anjouan islands, the coast of South Africa, Madagascar, and Mozambique.
Comoros; Indonesia
Regionally extinct:
South Africa
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast; Indian Ocean – western
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: L. chalumnae is a nocturnal hunter, sheltering within caves throughout the day and foraging at night on squid and other fish species.
Systems: Marine

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on CITES Appendix I

Citation: Musick, J.A. 2000. Latimeria chalumnae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 22 May 2015.
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