Hippotragus niger ssp. variani


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Hippotragus niger ssp. variani
Species Authority: Thomas, 1916
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Giant Sable, Giant Sable Antelope
French Hippotrague Géant De L'Angola, Hippotrague Noir Géant
Spanish Antílope Sable Negro

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2cd; C2a(i) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment)
The Giant Sable has a very restricted range in Angola and has suffered from the effects of many years of military conflict in its area of distribution. In all areas surveyed, the estimated decline is estimated at 85-90% over 25 years, representing 3 generations (8-9 years), based on decline in area of occupancy, habitat quality and actual levels of exploitation. Total numbers surviving are estimated (2007) at 200-400 individuals, and no known subpopulation currently contains more than 50 mature individuals. It is possible that further research will show that populations >50 mature individuals exist in at least one site (Luando Strict Reserve), but until this has been unequivocally demonstrated the precautionary principle is applied. Although the situation in Angola has stabilized to some extent, populations are still declining and Giant Sable face several threats, including recent occurrences of hybridization with Roan Antelope (Hippotragus equinus).
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Hippotragus niger variani is listed on CITES Appendix I.

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Hippotragus niger ssp. variani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.
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