Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Hemiphractidae

Scientific Name: Gastrotheca trachyceps
Species Authority: Duellman, 1987
Taxonomic Notes: This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, John Lynch
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on on the Western Cordillera of the Colombian Andes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is currently known only from the region of the type locality: Cerro Munchique on the Pacific slopes of the Cordillera Occidental, in Cauca Department, Colombia, from 2,170-2,540m asl. It might occur somewhat more widely.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is relatively common at the type locality.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs on vegetation and next to streams inside forest and at the forest edge, and seeks refuge in bromeliads. It can occur in habitat such as páramo as long as there are bromeliads. Breeding is by direct development, with the eggs kept in the pouch of the female until hatched.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Although its only known locality is a protected area, cultivation of illegal crops is leading to the destruction of native habitat in some parts of the park.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The type locality is entirely within Parque Nacional Natural Munchique, but there is a need to combat activities that result in the loss of native habitat within the park boundaries. More research is needed to determine if it occurs outside the vicinity of the type locality.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  
4. Grassland -> 4.7. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude
suitability: Marginal  
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Duellman, W.E. 1987. The taxonomic status of populations of hylid Marsupial frogs referred to Gastrotheca argenteovirens (Boettger). Journal of Herpetology: 38-47.

Faivovich, J., Haddad, C.F.B., Garcia, P.C.O., Frost, D.R., Campbell, J.A. and Wheeler, W.C. 2005. Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 294: 1-240.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

Citation: Fernando Castro, John Lynch. 2004. Gastrotheca trachyceps. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55362A11285227. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
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