Paretroplus menarambo 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Cichlidae

Scientific Name: Paretroplus menarambo
Species Authority: Allgayer, 1996
Common Name(s):
English Pinstripe Damba

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-06-26
Assessor(s): Ravelomanana, T.
Reviewer(s): Raminosoa, N., Randrianizahaisa, H., Rasoloariniaina, R & Velosoa, J.
Contributor(s): Loiselle, P.V. & Participants of the CBSG/ANGAP CAMP "Faune de Madagascar" workshop, Mantasoa, Madagascar 2001
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Darwall, W.R.T.

This species is endemic to Madagascar and up until recently it was presumed Extinct in the Wild; the last reports of the species had been from Lac Sarodrano, its type, and previously only known locality, dating from the late 1990s (de Rham and Nourissat 2002). Despite targeted surveys, no specimens had been collected from this area since. However, recent survey work in this region has resulted in the discovery of a remnant population of this fish in Lac Tseny (Andriafidison et al. 2011). Habitat degradation, the presence of invasive exotic species and overfishing and its highly restricted remaining distribution (EOO and AOO) account for its Critically Endangered status. Breeding populations of this species are maintained in captivity.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to Madagascar. Previously present in the flood plain lakes of the Bemarivo River, the major northwards-flowing tributary of the Sofia River in northwestern Madagascar. The species is now only known to occur in a single lake of that system: Lac Tseny.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:7.6
Number of Locations:1
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


No data are available on the wild population; previously it was thought to have disappeared from its native range, but more recent surveys rediscovered the species in Lac Tseny. Captive breeding populations exist in Europe and North America.

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A malacophagous (mollusc eating) biparentally custodial substratum-spawning cichlid with a protracted period of brood care and a highly seasonal reproductive pattern.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Formerly this species was an important food fish is Madagascar. There has never been any international trade in this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Historically this species has been threatened by over-fishing. Presently, the threats facing this species are habitat loss due to environmental degradation, and competition from and/or predation by exotic species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Madagasikara Voakajy (Local NGO) is working on the Lake Tseny on an in situ captive breeding program.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.1. Captive breeding/artificial propagation
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.4. Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources -> 5.4.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Past, Likely to Return ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:No/Negligible Impact: 0 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.3. Other ecosystem modifications
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases -> 8.1.1. Unspecified species
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.3. Indirect species effects -> 2.3.2. Competition

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
2. Conservation Planning -> 2.1. Species Action/Recovery Plan
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

Bibliography [top]

Allegayer, R. 1996. Description d'une espèce nouvelle du genre Paretroplus Bleeker (Teleostei: Cichlidae) de Madagascar. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 159:6-20.

Andriafidison, D., Jenkins, R.K.B., Loiselle, P.V., McCaskie, T., Rakotoarivelo, A.A., Rahalambomanana, J., Ravelomanana, T., Raminosoa, N. and Saunder, A. 2011. Preliminary fish survey of Lac Tseny in north-western Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation & Development 6(2): 83-87.

de Rham, P. and Nourissat, J.-C. 2002. Les cichlidés endémiques de Madagascar. Association France Cichlid. Sagrafic, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 23 November 2004).

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

Loiselle, P.V. 1996a. The Cichlids of jurassic Park III. Cichlids News 5(1):21-25.

Loiselle, P.V. 1996b. The cichlids of Jurassic Park. IV. Cichlid News 5(2):8-2.

Nourissat, J.-C. 1992. Madagascar 1991. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 118:9-29.

Nourissat, J.-C. 1993. Madagascar 1992. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 129:8-36.

Nourissat, J.-C. 1997. Madagascar 1996. Revue Francaise des Cichlidophiles 174:19-34.

Citation: Ravelomanana, T. 2016. Paretroplus menarambo. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T44492A58307800. . Downloaded on 24 April 2017.
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