Acacia mathuataensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Fabaceae

Scientific Name: Acacia mathuataensis A.C.Sm.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-07-29
Assessor(s): Daveta, M. & Rivers, M.C.
Reviewer(s): Oldfield, S. & Keppel, G.
Contributor(s): Cavu, S., Masau, M., Rokocaucau, M., Thomas, N., Tikoca, S., Tutevu, I. & Young, E.
Acacia mathuataensis is an endemic tree from Vanua Levu, Fiji. It is considered Endangered as the area of occupancy is less than 500 km2, it is found in two locations and experiences continuing decline in habitat extent and quality due to fires, agricultural and urban development. It also has fewer 500 individuals, and there are currently no in situ or ex situ conservation action for this species.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Acacia mathuataensis is an endemic species to Vanua Levu, Fiji. Until recently this species was only known from the type collection of 1947, from the summit of Mt. Numbuiloa, east of Labasa, Vanua Levu. Another location on Vanua Levu has now been identified (Fiji Red List Workshop, July 2016). The area of occupancy is less than 500 km2.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:4-499
Number of Locations:2
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size is more than 250, but fewer than 500 mature individuals.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:251-499

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Acacia mathuataensis is a spreading tree up to 6 m. high, apparently rare in dense crest thickets at an elevation of 500-590 m (Smith 1985)
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no known use or trade for this species. It might have some traditional use, as other species within the genus Acacia are used for face painting in traditional dances.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Acacia mathuataensis is threatened by fire, agricultural expansion and urban development.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are currently no conservation actions in place for the species and it is not in any protected areas. Conservation action recommendations include i) ex situ establishment, ii) protected area, conservation and management plan, iii) enhancement planting, and iv) awareness and engagement of land owners and regulatory authorities. In addition further research is needed into the population distribution and trends, ecology and ecosystem services and the propagation methods.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
3. Species management -> 3.2. Species recovery
3. Species management -> 3.4. Ex-situ conservation -> 3.4.2. Genome resource bank
4. Education & awareness -> 4.3. Awareness & communications

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:No
In-Place Species Management
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Causing/Could cause fluctuations ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.1. Shifting agriculture
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.1. Increase in fire frequency/intensity
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: (Accessed: 07 December 2016).

Smiith, A.C. 1985. Flora Vitiensis Nova: a new Flora of Fiji, Vol. 3. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Lawaii,, Hawaii.

Smith, A.C. 1979. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A New Flora of Fiji. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Hawaii.

Smith, A.C. 1981. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A New Flora of Fiji, Vol. 2. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Lawaii, Hawaii.

Smith, A.C. 1988. Flora Vitiensis Nova: a new Flora of Fiji, Vol. 4. Pacific Tropical Botanic Garden, Lawaii, Hawaii.

Citation: Daveta, M. & Rivers, M.C. 2016. Acacia mathuataensis. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T37917A99517641. . Downloaded on 20 June 2018.
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