Firmiana major


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Firmiana major
Species Authority: (W. Smith) Hand.-Mazz.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct in the Wild ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Sun, W.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The only remaining trees are those which have been planted around temples and villages. Wild populations were once believed to have existed in central and western Yunnan.
Regionally extinct:
China (Yunnan)
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Between 1,700 to 2,500 m.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The forests here have been replaced by crops.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species remains in cultivation, frequently planted as an ornamental tree.

Bibliography [top]

Li-kuo, F. and Jian-ming, J. 1992. China Plant Red Data Book – Rare and Endangered Plants 1. Science Press, Beijing.

National Environment Protection Bureau. 1987. The list of rare and endangered plants protected in China. Botanical Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academy Press, Beijing.

Oldfield, S., Lusty, C. and MacKinven, A. (compilers). 1998. The World List of Threatened Trees. World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK.

Sun, W. 1997. Completed data collection forms for trees of Yunnan.

Citation: Sun, W. 1998. Firmiana major. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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