Tamandua tetradactyla

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PILOSA MYRMECOPHAGIDAE

Scientific Name: Tamandua tetradactyla
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name(s):
English Southern Tamandua, Northern Tamandua, Collared Anteater, Tamandua, Lesser Anteater
French Tamandou À Quatre Doigts, Fourmilier À Collier, Tamandou Tétradactyle
Spanish Brazo Fuerte, Hormiguero De Collar, Oso Melero, Tamanduá, Tamandúa De Collar
Taxonomic Notes: There are four subspecies of T. tetradactyla (Gardner 2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-11-05
Assessor(s): Miranda, F., Fallabrino, A., Arteaga, M., Tirira, D.G., Meritt, D.A. & Superina, M.
Reviewer(s): Abba, A.M.
Contributor(s): Rogel, T.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Superina, M.
Justification:
Tamandua tetradactyla is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, its occurrence in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
History:
2013 Least Concern
2006 Least Concern (IUCN 2006)
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Tamandua tetradactyla is found to the east of the Andes from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad Island, and the Guianas (French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname), south to northern Uruguay and northern Argentina. It ranges from sea level to 2,000 m Asl (Emmons and Feer 1990).
Countries:
Native:
Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Córdoba, Corrientes, Formosa, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, Santa Fé, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán); Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Brasília Distrito Federal, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins); Colombia (Colombia (mainland)); Ecuador (Ecuador (mainland)); French Guiana; Guyana; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of (Venezuela (mainland))
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Tamandua tetradactyla is a relatively common species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Tamandua tetradactyla is adaptable to a variety of habitats, including gallery forests adjacent to savannas, lowland and montane moist tropical rain forest (Eisenberg 1989), as well as mangroves (F. Miranda pers. comm. 2013). Typically, this solitary species has pale tan or golden fur with a black vest, but uniformly tan to black coloration also occurs (Wetzel 1985). Recent studies have shown that significant morphological differences exist between the subpopulations north and south of the Amazon River (F. Miranda pers. comm. 2013).
It mainly feeds on ants and termites, but also attacks bees nests to eat honey (Emmons and Feer 1990). The female gives birth to a single young once per year (Silveira 1968).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Tamandua tetradactyla is sometimes (inappropriately) used as a pet species or consumed. The skin is sometimes used to make leather products. Tamanduas that are found in the wild are donated or sold to private persons or zoos, and may be involved in animal traffic.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this small anteater, although in some portions of its range it is hunted for meat, by domestic dogs, or sold as a pet species (Aguiar and Fonseca 2008, Noss et al. 2008, D.A. Meritt Jr. pers. comm. 2010). Habitat loss and degradation, wildfires, and road traffic represent a threat in some areas. In Uruguay, T. tetradactyla is affected by habitat loss due to land use change (Coitiño et al. 2013).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Tamandua tetradactyla is present in a number of protected areas. Further systematic studies on T. tetradactyla are needed to investigate population densities and dynamics in different parts of its range. Studbooks for captive tamanduas exist in some range countries (Brazil: Projeto Tamanduá; international: ALPZA), and a population management plan has been established in AZA zoos.

Bibliography [top]

Agüero, J.A., Díaz, J.V. and González, D. 2003. Presencia y características del hábitat asociadas a Tamandua tetradactyla en las Sierras de los Llanos de La Rioja, Argentina. In: SAREM (ed.), XVIII Jornadas Argentinas de Mastozoología, pp. 81. La Rioja, Argentina.

Aguiar, J.M. and da Fonseca, G.A.B. 2008. Conservation status of the Xenarthra. In: S.F. Vizcaino and W.J. Loughry (eds), The Biology of the Xenarthra, pp. 215-231. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Alberico, M., Cadena, A., Hernández-Camacho, J. and Muñoz-Saba, Y. 2000. Mamíferos (Synapsida: Theria) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(1): 43-75.

Anderson, S. 1997. Mammals of Bolivia: Taxonomy and distribution. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 231: 1?652.

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Coitiño, H.I., Montenegro, F., Fallabrino, A., González, E.M. and Hernández, D. 2013. Distribución actual y potencial de Cabassous tatouay y Tamandua tetradactyla en el límite sur de su distribución: implicancias para su conservación en Uruguay. Edentata 14: 23-34.

da Silveira, E.K.P. 1968. Notas sobre a história natural do tamanduá mirim (Tamandua tetradactyla chiriquensis J. A. Allen 1904, Myrmecophagidae), com referências à fauna do Istmo do Panamá. Vellozia 6: 9-31.

Eisenberg, J.F. 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.

Emmons, L.H. and Feer, F. 1990. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA and London, UK.

Engstrom, M. and Lim, B. 2000. Checklist of the mammals of Guyana. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Fallabrino, A. and Castiñeira, E. 2006. Situacion de los Edentados en Uruguay. Edentata 7: 1-3.

Fallabrino, A., Hernández, D., Andrade, M. J., Castro, J., Coitiño, H., Cosse, M., Arevalo, A. P. and Montenegro, F. 2009. Status of the xenarthras in Uruguay. In: GIB - IADIZA (ed.), 10th International Mammalogical Congress (IMC10), pp. 210. Mendoza, Argentina.

Forlano, R.M., Mujica L.F., Gallardo Y.J. and Rodríguez L.J. 2013. Identificación de ectoparásitos en oso melero (Tamandua tetradactyla), Estado Lara, Venezuela. Revista MVZ Córdoba 18(Supl.): 3738-3742.

Fra, E.A., Salinas, R.S. and Barrionuevo, C.A. 2007. Acerca de la presencia y distribución del oso melero (Tamandua tetradactyla en la provincia de Catamarca. In: SAREM (ed.), XXI Jornadas Argentinas de Mastozoología, pp. 200-201. Tafí del Valle, Tucumán.

Gardner, A.L. 1993. Order Xenarthra. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Second Edition, pp. 63-68. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Gardner, A.L. 2005. Order Pilosa. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Gardner, A.L. 2007. Magnorder Xenarthra. In: A.L. Gardner (ed.), Mammals of South America, pp. 127-176. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Hayssen, V. 2011. Tamandua tetradactyla (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae). Mammalian Species 43(875): 64-74.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Noss, A., Cuéllar, E., Tarifa, T., Vargas, J. and Aliaga-Rossel, E. 2010. Myrmecophagidae, Cyclopedidae, Bradypodidae y Megalonychidae. In: R.B. Wallace, H. Gómez, Z.R. Porcel and D. I. Rumiz (eds), Distribución, ecología y conservación de los mamíferos medianos y grandes de Bolivia, pp. 213-234. Centro de Ecología Difusión Simón I. Patiño, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.

Noss, A.J., Cuellar, R.L. and Cuellar, E. 2008. Exploitation of xenarthrans by the Guarani-Isoseno indigenous people of the Bolivian Chaco: comparisons with hunting by other indigenous groups in Latin America, and implications for conservation. In: S. F. Vizcaino and W. J. Loughry (eds), The Biology of the Xenarthra, pp. 244-254. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Pacheco, V., de Macedo, H., Vivar, E., Ascorra, C.F., Arana-Cardó, R. and Solari, S. 1995. Lista anotada de los mamíferos peruanos. Occasional Papers in Conservation Biology 2: 1-35.

Sanborn, C.C. 1953. Mammals from the Departments of Cuzco and Puno, Peru. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Serie A, Zoología 12: 1?8.

Smith, P. 2009. FAUNA Paraguay Handbook of the Mammals of Paraguay. Vol 2: Xenarthra. Available at: www.faunaparaguay.com.

Tirira, D. 1999. Mamiferos del Ecaudor. Museo de Zoologia, Centro de Biodiversidad y Ambiente, Pontifica Universidad Católica del Ecaudor and Sociedad para la Investigación y Monitoreo de la Biodiversidad Ecuatoriana, Quito, Ecuador.

Torres, R., Monguillot, J., Bruno, G., Michelutti, P. and Ponce, A. 2009. Ampliación del límite austral de la distribución del oso melero (Tamandua tetradactyla) en la Argentina. Nótulas Faunísticas - Segunda Serie 39: 1-5.

Vizcaíno, S.F., Abba, A.M. and García Esponda, C.M. 2006. Magnaorden Xenarthra. In: R.M. Barquez, M.M. Díaz and R.A. Ojeda (eds), Mamíferos de Argentina: Sistemática y Distribución, pp. 46-56. Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.

Wetzel, R.M. 1982. Systematics, distribution, ecology, and conservation of South American edentates. In: M.A. Mares and H.H. Genoways (eds), Mammalian biology in South America, pp. 345-375. University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Wetzel, R.M. 1985. The identification and distribution of recent Xenarthra (=Edentata). In: G.G. Montgomery (ed.), The evolution and ecology of armadillos, sloths and vermilinguas, pp. 5-21. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.


Citation: Miranda, F., Fallabrino, A., Arteaga, M., Tirira, D.G., Meritt, D.A. & Superina, M. 2014. Tamandua tetradactyla. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 August 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided