Dendrotriton chujorum 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Dendrotriton chujorum Campbell, Smith, Streicher, Acevedo & Brodie, 2010
Taxonomic Notes: Populations that are now recognized as belonging to Dendrotriton chujorum and Dendrotriton kekchiorum were formerly considered as part of Dendrotriton rabbi in the past, a species now considered to be restricted to Montañas de Cuilco (Campbell et al. 2010).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-03-09
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A. & Bowles, P.
Contributor(s): Angulo, A., Vásquez-Almazán, C., Rovito, S. & Papenfuss, T.

Listed as Critically Endangered on the basis that its extent of occurrence, though unquantified, is certainly less than 100 km2 and it occurs as a severely, and increasingly, fragmented population as a result of the continuing decline in the extent and quality of forest habitat, which now occurs only as isolated patches within the landscape in the northern portion of the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is currently known only from three sites (separated by 7.5 km) in the northern region of the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, Guatemala, ranging from 2,652 to 2,799 m asl (Campbell et al. 2010, T. Papenfuss pers. comm. February 2011, S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011), although the elevational limits are not known with accuracy (S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011). While its range is almost certainly larger than that covered by the known sites, given reasonably large areas of forest in the vicinity of the type locality, it is unlikely to occur outside a small portion of the northern Sierra de los Cuchumatanes (S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011). The known sites are in a straight line along a road, and are at similar elevations in similar habitats, presumably connected by continuous forest in the past, although no longer connected (S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011). Its extent of occurrence, though unquantified, is estimated to be less than 100 km2.

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):2652
Upper elevation limit (metres):2799
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Six specimens were found in approximately two hours of search effort, which would suggest that the species may be common within its small range (S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011). It was last seen January 2009 (S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs on mountain slopes covered by small remnants of primarily hardwood (pine-oak) forest, which is drier than the forest at higher elevations or on opposing slopes of the mountain range (Campbell et al. 2010, T. Papenfuss pers. comm. February 2011). Individuals can be found in bromeliads 3-10 m above the ground (Campbell et al. 2010). This salamander is believed to be restricted to these pine-oak forests (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. February 2011). It is presumed to breed by direct development.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There are no reports of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The habitat at the type locality is now degraded, being primarily impacted by small-holder farming (mostly corn fields), timber and firewood harvest by local people (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. February 2011, S. Rovito pers. comm. March 2011); habitat destruction was ongoing as of January 2009 (S.Rovito pers. comm. March 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The community of San Mateo Ixtatán owns a patch of forest where this species is found, and community authorities are currently interested in the preservation of this area (T. Papenfuss pers. comm. February 2011).An ongoing project focusing on the threatened amphibians of Guatemala spearheaded by Toledo Zoo and University of California at Berkeley, with the participation of  the Museum of Natural History of the University of San Carlos, is recording temperatures at the site near San Mateo, to assess temperature fluctuations and variation (C. Vásquez-Almazán pers. comm. March 2011).  The Museum and non-governmental organization FUNDAECO are seeking to promote the inclusion of the site into a System of Conservation Areas in the north of Huehuetenango (C. Vásquez- Almazán pers. comm. March 2011). Preservation of the only known remaining habitat is a priority for this salamander's conservation. Further research is needed on this species' distribution, population status and natural history.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.2. Small-holder farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown   
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest]
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown   
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

Campbell, J.A., Smith, E.N., Streicher, J., Acevedo, M.E. and Brodie, E.D. 2010. New salamanders (Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Guatemala, with miscellaneous notes on known species. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 200: 1-60.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: (Accessed: 30 June 2017).

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2011. Dendrotriton chujorum. In: . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T194310A8890889. . Downloaded on 20 September 2018.
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