Conus archetypus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus archetypus
Species Authority: Crosse, 1865
Taxonomic Notes: C archetypus is now known to be part of a large species complex found from the lesser Antillies to central Brasil, comprising at least eight species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-26
Assessor(s): Coltro, J.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Petuch, E.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Peters, H., Livingstone, S. & Passmore, J.
Owing to its wide distribution in Brazil there appears to be no imminent threat to this species. This species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Brazil where it is found from Bahia state to southern Espirito Santo state (Coltro J. in press 2011).
Countries occurrence:
Brazil (Bahia, EspĂ­rito Santo)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – western central; Atlantic – southwest
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:3000
Lower depth limit (metres):80
Upper depth limit (metres):50
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no population information for C. archetypus.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species lives in mud and rubble sand at 50 to 80 m depth (Coltro pers. comm. 2011) with adults typically growing to 32 mm (Rosenberg 2009).
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Unknown

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In common with all Conus spp this species is traded for the specimen shell collector market (Rice 2007). It is not a common species as it lives at depths between 50-80 m in areas not fished (Coltro pers. comm. 2011). There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats now that trawling is unlawful in Brazil (Coltro pers. comm. 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.5. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy-Mud
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.6. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Muddy
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Kohn, A. J. The Conus Biodiversity Website. Available at: (Accessed: 01/03/2011).

Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.

Rosenberg, G. 2009. Malacolog 4.1.1: A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. [WWW database (version 4.1.1)]. Available at:

Tucker J. K. 2010. Danker L. N. Vink's The Conidae of the Western Atlantic. The Cone Collector 14a: 25-26.

Citation: Coltro, J. 2013. Conus archetypus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192805A2164626. . Downloaded on 28 November 2015.
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