Anchichoerops natalensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Anchichoerops natalensis
Species Authority: (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909)
Common Name(s):
English Natal wrasse
French Pourceau du Natal
Spanish Vieja de Natal
Chaerops natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
Chaerops natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
Choerops natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909
Choerops natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1909

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-28
Assessor(s): Craig, M.
Reviewer(s): Fenessey, S. & Carpenter, K.E.
Although there is little information on the biology, ecology, and population dynamics of this species, it is currently protected as a “no-take” species in South Africa. This area represents the majority of its range, and thus the species is not likely to be harvested in appreciable numbers. The species is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to the western Indian Ocean (South Africa and southern Mozambique).
South Africa
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast; Indian Ocean – western
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is very little population information available for this species. It is considered rare throughout its range.

In 2002 and 2003, underwater visual census (UVC) found a mean density of .33 fish/1,000m2 in the Pondoland region between the Mtamvuna River and Port St Johns in the Eastern Cape, South Africa (Mann et al. 2006). It was the ninth most dense species of wrasse (of 18 species observed).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits rocky reefs to depths of at least 60 m. It feeds on macro zoobenthos (crustaceans, molluscs, echinoderms and ascidians).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Formerly, this species was threatened by spearfishing, however it was recently made a no-take species in South Africa, although poaching may still occur.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is a no-take species in South Africa.

Bibliography [top]

Gomon, M.F. and Randall, J.E. 1984. Labridae. In: W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds), FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Mann, B.Q., Celliers, L., Fennessy, S.T., Bailey, S. and Wood, A.D. 2006. Towards the declaration of a large marine protected area: a subtidal ichthyofaunal survey of the Pondoland coast in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 28: 535-551.

Smith, J.L.B. 2003. Smith's Sea Fishes. Struik, Cape Town.

van der Elst, R. 1993. A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.

Citation: Craig, M. 2010. Anchichoerops natalensis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 27 March 2015.
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