Phodopus sungorus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Phodopus sungorus
Species Authority: (Pallas, 1773)
Common Name(s):
English Dzhungarian Hamster

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Tsytsulina, K.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
A widespread species with no known major threats, hence listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Distributed in dry steppes and semi-deserts of SW Siberia, E Kazakhstan, and in one isolated area in Khakassia (Russia).
Kazakhstan; Russian Federation
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Precise data are unavailable. Population size fluctuations are significant. In some areas abundant and is a crop pest.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Inhabits dry plane and mountain steppes, including sandy, solty and rubbly ones. Solitary. Burrows have multiple passages with one or two cells. Wintering nest can be up to 1 m below the ground. Often uses other rodents' burrows, sometimes lives very close to other species. Does not hibernate. Feeds on seeds, insects and larvae. In winter accumulates a large amount of hypodermic fat that helps them to survive freezing temperatures. Reproduce during warm time of the year, sometimes in winter too. From April to September has 5-6 litters (in Kazakhstan), with 4-11 young in each. Young start to reproduce when their weight is about 20 g.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Unknown. Habitat degradation may decrease the area of occupancy.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Species occurs in some protected areas.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Citation: Tsytsulina, K. 2008. Phodopus sungorus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 September 2015.
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