Choranthias salmopunctatus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Serranidae

Scientific Name: Choranthias salmopunctatus
Species Authority: (Lubbock & Edwards, 1981)
Anthias salmopunctatus Lubbock & Edwards, 1981
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2014. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 31 October 2014. Available at: (Accessed: 31 October 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2013-06-10
Assessor(s): Carpenter, K.E.
Reviewer(s): Polidoro, B. & Strongin, K.

Choranthias salmopunctatus is a rare species that can only be found at St. Paul's Rocks. There are no museum collection records found. There are no current uses or known threats. Although near shore fishing occurs within its range, given its small size and the type of gears used (longline), fishing is unlikely to affect this species at this time. This species is listed as Least Concern. More information is needed on this species population, habitat and ecology.

Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Choranthias salmopunctatus can only be found at St. Paul's Rocks at depths of 30 to 35 m (Heemstra and Anderson in press).
Countries occurrence:
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – eastern central
Lower depth limit (metres):35
Upper depth limit (metres):30
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


Anthias salmopunctatus is a rare species. There are no museum collection records found (Fishnet2 Portal 2013).

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Anthias salmopunctatus grows to a maximum of 6 cm and lives at depths of 30-35 m. It is normally seen in small shoals a meter from substrates. This fish will also hide in crevices when alarmed (Heemstra and Anderson in press).


Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There are no current uses for Anthias salmopunctatus

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

It is not known if there are any threats to this species. This species was previously assessed as Vulnerable in 1996 (Roberts 1996). However, scientists and military personnel are generally the only visitors to these islands, and are not thought to pose any current threats. Brazilian fishing boats have exploited the area since 1988, and fishing occurs tens of meters from the Rocks to a few kilometres from the Archipelago. The main species targeted are tunas in longlines (Luiz and Edwards 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

There are no conservation measures in place.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.2. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.3. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.4. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.5. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy-Mud
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.6. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Muddy

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology

Bibliography [top]

FAO. 2009. FishStat Plus Version 2.32. Universal Software for Fishery Statistics Time Series. Available at:

FishNet 2 Portal. 2013. FishNet 2 Portal. Available at:

Heemstra, P.C. and Anderson, W.D., Jr. in press. Serranidae (Groupers-seabass, hinds, creolefish, combers, anthiines, soapfish). In: K.E. Carpenter and N. DeAngelis (eds), The Living Marine Resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic Volume 4 Bony Fishes Part 2 (Moronidae to Molidae), Sea Turtles, FAO, Rome.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Luiz, O.J. and Edwards, A.J. 2011. Extinction of a shark population in the Archipelago of Saint Paul’s Rocks (equatorial Atlantic) inferred from the historical record. Biological Conservation 144(12): 2873-2881.

Roberts, C. 1996. Choranthias salmopunctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T1615A5437586. Available at: (Accessed: 20 October 2015).

Citation: Carpenter, K.E. 2015. Choranthias salmopunctatus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T1615A44876342. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
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